The name Harthorn is an old Anglo-Saxon
name. It comes from when a family lived in the settlement of Hawthorn in the county of Durham
, or near a hawthorn shrub or tree. Thus, the surname Harthorn belongs both the category of habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads, and to the class of topographic
surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The surname Harthorn is derived from the Old English word haguthorn,
which means hawthorn.
Early Origins of the Harthorn family
The surname Harthorn was first found in Durham
at Hawthorn, a township in the parish of Easington. The township dates back to 1155 when it was originally spelt Hagethorn and literally meant "place at the hawthorn," from the Old English "hagu-thorn." CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
The place is most significant as "on the 5th of November, 1824, not less than 50 vessels perished in a storm immediately off this part, and the crews of all were lost, with the exception of the crew of one only, who were enabled to effect their escape by means of a rope, thrown from the vessel, and brought to land by a Newfoundland dog belonging to Major Anderson." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
"The New England
family of this name left this country [(England)] in or before 1634, and until recently wrote themselves Hathorne." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
, the name is an old Galloway
name. "A family of the name were proprietors of Meikle or Over Aires in the parish of Kirkinner." CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
In other parts of England
, the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273 revealed: Galfridus Hackthom in Huntingdonshire; and John atte
Horethorne in Somerset
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Early History of the Harthorn family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harthorn research.Another 143 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1455, 1484, 1602, 1628, 1606, 1681, 1630, 1641, 1717, 1692, 1804, 1864 and are included under the topic Early Harthorn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harthorn Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred
years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations
are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon
surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Harthorn were recorded, including Hawthorne, Hathorne, Hawthorn and others.
Early Notables of the Harthorn family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Major William Hathorne (ca. 1606-1681), English immigrant to North America in 1630; and his son, John Hathorne (1641-1717), a merchant and magistrate of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Justice of the Special Court... Another 39 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harthorn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harthorn family to Ireland
Some of the Harthorn family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 60 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harthorn family to the New World and Oceana
To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Harthorn family emigrate to North America: Mathew Hawthorn settled in Virginia in 1622; William Hathorne, who arrived in Dorchester, in 1630, later settling in Salem Massachusetts in 1630; Anne Hathorne, who came to Virginia in 1717.
The Harthorn Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto Translation: I shall stand.