Harlowe History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Of all the Anglo-Saxon names to come from Britain, Harlowe is one of the most ancient. The name is a result of the original family having lived in Harlow, a parish, in the union of Epping, hundred of Harlow, S. division of the county of Essex.  The parish dates to pre-Conquest times when it was first recorded as Herlawe in 1045.  A few years later after the Norman Conquest, the parish was recorded as Herlaua in the Domesday Book of 1086.  Literally the place name means "mound of hill associated with an army (perhaps Viking)," from the Old English words "here" + "Hlaw." 
Harlow-Hill is "a township, in the parish of Ovingham, union of Castle ward, E. division of Tindale ward, S. division of Northumberland," and has a similar origin, having derived from "a corruption of Hare-law, 'the hill or station of the army,'"  In this later case, this township dates back to 1242 when it was known as Hirlawe. 
Early Origins of the Harlowe family
The surname Harlowe was first found in Essex where Richard de Herlawe was listed in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1273. The same rolls listed Nicholas de Herlawe, Northamptonshire. 
While Essex is the generally accepted place of origin of the name, we did find an earlier entry at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, Osbern de Herlaue in 1121. The same surname was also found in Hertfordshire in 1205, Thomas de Herlaue. Up to the north in Yorkshire, Walter de Harlow was listed there in the Subsidy Rolls of 1327 and in 1442, Thomas Harlowe was found in the Assize Rolls for London in 1442. 
The Harlaw variant was typical of Scotland and there, it was "of territorial or local origin from some place named Harlaw near the Border. There is a Harlaw Muir in Peeblesshire, and there appears to have been a Harlawbanks there also. A vill and lands of Hairlaw in Midlothian is recorded in 1565 (Retours). William de Harlau witnessed a charter in favor of the Abbey of Scone c. 1204-1241, and Richard de Harlau and William de Harlau were on an inquest held at the chapel of St. Katherine, Bavelay, near Edinburgh, in 1280. William de Harlau was on an assize at Berwick in 1296, and Matthew de Harlawe rendered homage in the same year." 
This noted author points toward a possible linkage the the Essex and Northumberland families with the variant Harle in Scotland: "probably derived his name from Kirkharle in Northumberland. The Harles of Kirkharle owned much property in Northumberland."  The reader should note the "Kirk" prefix for this last entry denotes "church" in Scottish Gaelic.
Early History of the Harlowe family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harlowe research. Another 146 words (10 lines of text) covering the years 1273, 1599, 1601, 1795, 1647, 1566, 1528, 1604, 1609, 1741, 1689, 1690, 1692 and 1741 are included under the topic Early Harlowe History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harlowe Spelling Variations
The first dictionaries that appeared in the last few hundred years did much to standardize the English language. Before that time, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. The language was changing, incorporating pieces of other languages, and the spelling of names changed with it. Harlowe has been spelled many different ways, including Harlow, Harlowe and others.
Early Notables of the Harlowe family (pre 1700)
Notables of the family at this time include Thomas Harlowe (d. 1741), English Captain in the Navy who on 19 March 1689-1690 appointed to command the Smyrna Merchant, hired ship, and took post from that date. In the following year he commanded the Burford of 70 guns, in the grand fleet...
Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harlowe Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harlowe migration to the United States +
Thousands of English families in this era began to emigrate the New World in search of land and freedom from religious and political persecution. Although the passage was expensive and the ships were dark, crowded, and unsafe, those who made the voyage safely were rewarded with opportunities unavailable to them in their homeland. Research into passenger and immigration lists has revealed some of the very first Harlowes to arrive in North America:
Harlowe Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Stephen Harlowe, who settled in Virginia in 1636
- John Harlowe, who landed in Virginia in 1636 
Harlowe migration to West Indies +
The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. 
Harlowe Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
- Jo Harlowe, aged 16, who arrived in St Christopher in 1635 
- Mr. John Harlowe, (b. 1619), aged 16, British settler traveling aboard the ship "Matthew" arriving in St Christopher (Saint Kitts) in 1635 
Contemporary Notables of the name Harlowe (post 1700) +
- Norman C. Harlowe, American Republican politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New York 20th District, 1966 
- Sarah Harlowe (1765-1852), English actress, born in London in 1765 who under the name of Mrs. Harlowe she made her first appearance on the stage at Colnbrook, near Slough, in 1787 
- Samuel Harlowe Goodhue (b. 1921), American engineer and mountaineer from Jackson, New Hampshire, eponym of the 12911 Goodhue, main-belt asteroid
Related Stories +
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
- ^ Pilgrim Ship's of 1600's (Retrieved October 4th 2021, retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 8) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020