The lineage of the name Harlegh begins with the Anglo-Saxon
tribes in Britain. It is a result of when they lived in Harley, a place-name found in Shropshire
and in the West Riding of Yorkshire
. The place-name is derived from the Old English words hare,
which meant hare or rabbit, and leah,
which meant forest clearing. The name as a whole meant "clearing with lots of rabbits." The original bearers of the name lived near or in such a clearing.
Early Origins of the Harlegh family
The surname Harlegh was first found in Shropshire
where "it appears that Edward and Hernulf, living in the first half of the twelfth century, were lords of Harley, and the ancestors of the race who were afterwards denominated therefrom. Sixth in descent from William de Harley living in 1231 was Sir Robert de Harley." CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
"In an ancient leiger book of the abbey of Pershore, in Worcestershire
is a commemoration of a noble warrior of this name, who commanding an army under Ethelred, king of England
, in his wars against Sweyn, king of Denmark, gave the Danes a great defeat near that town, about the year 1013." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
By the Hundredorum Rolls
of 1273, the name was scattered throughout Britain: Henry de Herley in Berkshire; and Clemens de Herleghe in Somerset
. The Yorkshire Poll Tax
Rolls of 1379 lists Matilda Herlay and Willelmus Herlay. CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Further north in Scotland
, listings of the family were found in Fife
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
Early History of the Harlegh family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harlegh research.Another 201 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1098, 1782, 1319, 1354, 1558, 1549, 1579, 1656, 1624, 1700, 1664, 1735, 1703, 1735, 1695, 1698, 1661 and 1724 are included under the topic Early Harlegh History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harlegh Spelling Variations
Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Harlegh has undergone many spelling variations
, including Harley, Hurley, Harrily and others.
Early Notables of the Harlegh family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include William Hurley (known works 1319-1354), king's master carpenter for King Edward III; John Harley (died 1558), an English Bishop of Hereford; John Harley, High Sheriff
in 1549; Sir Robert Harley (1579-1656), an English statesman who served as Master of the... Another 48 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harlegh Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harlegh family to Ireland
Some of the Harlegh family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 41 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harlegh family to the New World and Oceana
To escape the unstable social climate in England
of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Harlegh were among those contributors: Edmund Harley settled in Maryland in 1725; Charles, Dennis, Edward, James, John, Michael, Patrick, Thomas and William Harley, all arrived in Philadelphia between 1840 and 1860..
The Harlegh Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtute et fide
Motto Translation: By valour and faith.