The name Harkort came to England
with the ancestors of the Harkort family in the Norman Conquest
of 1066. The Harkort family lived in Oxfordshire
. Their name, however, refers not to this location, but to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest
in 1066: one of two towns, Harcourt,
in Calvados, Normandy
, or Harcourt
in Eure, Normandy.
Early Origins of the Harkort family
The surname Harkort was first found in Oxfordshire
. Errand de Harcourt who claimed descent from Bernard the Dane, who was granted the Lordship of Harcourt from Rollo of Normandy
in 876 commanded the Archers of Vel de Ruel in the Conqueror's army. Rather than staying with his fellow countrymen in the newly conquered country, he returned to Normandy
shortly after William's coronation. His younger Robert who had also accompanied him on the Conquest remained. Robert's son, William de Harcourt, a strong supporter of Henry I., commanded the troops that defeated the Earl of Mellentin in 1123. In return for his noble efforts, he received many more lands in England
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
This was the beginning of one of the most noble families in England
that would quickly rise to the status of the House of Harcourt from which Simon, Lord Harcourt would become Lord Chancellor temp.
Queen Anne. Over in the parish of Wyrardisbury in Buckinghamshire
, a more recent member of the family holds a piece of history. "Within its limits is Magna Charta island, a small islet in the Thames, on which King John, at the instance of the barons, is said by some to have signed the celebrated charter of English liberty; it is the property of G. Simon Harcourt, Esq., of Ankerwycke House, in the parish." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Harkort family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harkort research.Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1714 and 1727 are included under the topic Early Harkort History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Harkort Spelling Variations
Multitudes of spelling variations
are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans
introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Harcourt, Harcutt, Harker, Harkett and others.
Early Notables of the Harkort family (pre 1700)
Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harkort Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Harkort family to the New World and Oceana
Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland
, North America, and Australia
in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England
. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Harkort or a variant listed above: John Harcourt, who arrived in Jamaica in 1684; Edward Harcourt, who arrived in Texas in 1836; and Mary Harcourt, who settled in New England
The Harkort Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Le bon temps viendra
Motto Translation: The prosperous time will come.