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The ancestors of the Harker family brought their name to England in the wave of migration after the Norman Conquest of 1066. They lived in Oxfordshire. Their name, however, refers not to this location, but to the family's place of residence prior to the Norman Conquest of England in 1066: one of two towns, Harcourt, in Calvados, Normandy, or Harcourt in Eure, Normandy.

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The surname Harker was first found in Oxfordshire. Errand de Harcourt who claimed descent from Bernard the Dane, who was granted the Lordship of Harcourt from Rollo of Normandy in 876 commanded the Archers of Vel de Ruel in the Conqueror's army. Rather than staying with his fellow countrymen in the newly conquered country, he returned to Normandy shortly after William's coronation. His younger Robert who had also accompanied him on the Conquest remained. Robert's son, William de Harcourt, a strong supporter of Henry I., commanded the troops that defeated the Earl of Mellentin in 1123. In return for his noble efforts, he received many more lands in England. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
This was the beginning of one of the most noble families in England that would quickly rise to the status of the House of Harcourt from which Simon, Lord Harcourt would become Lord Chancellor temp. Queen Anne. Over in the parish of Wyrardisbury in Buckinghamshire, a more recent member of the family holds a piece of history. "Within its limits is Magna Charta island, a small islet in the Thames, on which King John, at the instance of the barons, is said by some to have signed the celebrated charter of English liberty; it is the property of G. Simon Harcourt, Esq., of Ankerwycke House, in the parish." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Harker were recorded, including Harcourt, Harcutt, Harker, Harkett and others.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Harker research. Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1714 and 1727 are included under the topic Early Harker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Another 28 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Harker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Harker arrived in North America very early:

Harker Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Anthony Harker, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1636
  • Willem Harker, aged 24, arrived in New York in 1640
  • John Harker, who arrived in Virginia in 1665

Harker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Harker, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1834
  • Marg Harker, who landed in America in 1846
  • Lewis Harker, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1855

Harker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Ann Harker arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Edmond Harker arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Elizabeth Harker arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Edward Harker arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
  • Henry Harker arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Duke of Roxburghe" in 1838
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Harker Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • Timothy Harker, aged 35, a miner, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Margaret E. Harker, aged 10, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Ambrose Harker, aged 7, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Mary Harker, aged 4, arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Collingwood" in 1875
  • Reginald Harker arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Crusader" in 1882
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  • James "Wiley" Harker (1915-2007), American character actor
  • Albert “Al” Harker (1910-2006), American soccer player
  • Charles Garrison Harker (1837-1864), American brigadier general in the Union Army during the American Civil War
  • Walter J. Harker, American politician, Mayor of Sheridan, Wyoming, 1963-64
  • Mrs. M. B. Harker, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Washington, 1916
  • Joseph Harker (d. 1860), American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Gloucester County, 1860
  • John P. Harker, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Camden County, 1856-57
  • Jackie Nugent Harker, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from California, 1972
  • Ira Harker, American politician, Supervisor of Northfield Township, Michigan, 1854-55
  • Daniel Harker, American politician, Member of New Jersey State House of Assembly from Sussex County, 1806-07
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The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Le bon temps viendra
Motto Translation: The prosperous time will come.

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Citations



  1. ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Other References

  1. Best, Hugh. Debrett's Texas Peerage. New York: Coward-McCann, 1983. Print. (ISBN 069811244X).
  2. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  3. Hanks, Hodges, Mills and Room. The Oxford Names Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print. (ISBN 0-19-860561-7).
  4. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
  5. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  6. Shaw, William A. Knights of England A Complete Record from the Earliest Time to the Present Day of the Knights of all the Orders of Chivalry in England, Scotland, Ireland and Knights Bachelors 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print. (ISBN 080630443X).
  7. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
  8. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  9. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
  10. Library of Congress. American and English Genealogies in the Library of Congress. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1967. Print.
  11. ...

The Harker Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Harker Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 8 March 2016 at 10:33.

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