The name Guilford is of Anglo-Saxon
origin and came from when a family lived in the village of Guildford, which was in the county of Surrey
. The surname was originally derived from the Old English word guilford
which denoted the "ford where the marigolds grew."
Early Origins of the Guilford family
The surname Guilford was first found in Kent
at Guildford, a county town that dates back to Saxon times c. 880 when it was first listed as Gyldeforda. About 978 or so, it was home to an early English Royal Mint. By the Domesday Book
of 1086, CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
the town's name have evolved to Gildeford and was held by William the Conqueror. CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
Guildford Castle is thought to have been built shortly after the 1066 invasion of England
by William the Conqueror. As the castle is not listed in the Domesday Book
, it is generally thought to have been built after 1086. Over the years, the castle has gone through many hands and is today held by the Guildford Corporation. It's essentially in ruins, but the gardens are a very popular tourist site. The keep now contains a visitor centre, open between April and September.
Early History of the Guilford family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Guilford research.Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1500, 1455 and 1506 are included under the topic Early Guilford History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Guilford Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Guilford family name include Guildford, Guildeford, Guilford, Gilford and others.
Early Notables of the Guilford family (pre 1700)
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Guilford Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Guilford family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Guilford surname or a spelling variation of the name include :
Guilford Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Margaret Guilford, who arrived in Maryland in 1661 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Guilford Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Samuel Guilford, who settled in Philadelphia in 1851
Guilford Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- John Guilford, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Agamemnon" on April 22, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia CITATION[CLOSE]
State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Agamemnon voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1820 with 179 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/agamemnon/1820
Contemporary Notables of the name Guilford (post 1700)
- Jesse Poore Guilford (1895-1962), American amateur golfer
- Andrew J. Guilford (b. 1950), United States federal judge
- Joy Paul Guilford (1897-1987), American psychologist, best remembered for his psychometric study of human intelligence
- Paul W. Guilford, American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives 33rd District, 1915-16; Member of Minnesota State Senate 33rd District, 1919-22 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 20) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- Daniel Guilford (1789-1850), English clergyman, Hebrew scholar and religious writer
- Guilford Dudley (1907-2002), American diplomat, United States Ambassador to Denmark (1969–1971)
- Sir Guilford Molesworth (1828-1925), British civil and railway engineer
- Guilford Wiley Wells (1840-1909), American Republican politician, U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Mississippi, 1870; U.S. Representative from Mississippi 2nd District, 1875-77; U.S. Consul General in Shanghai, 1877 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 4) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- Guilford Mullen (b. 1838), American Republican politician, Member of South Dakota State House of Representatives 15th District, 1901-04 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- Guilford M. Wiley, American Republican politician, Member of Wisconsin State Assembly from Trempealeau County, 1947-50 CITATION[CLOSE]
The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 29) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
The Guilford Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Animo et fide
Motto Translation: By courage and faith.