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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Cornwall in southwestern England provides the original birthplace of the surname Glean. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic names, the Cornish predominantly used local surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People at the time that surnames first came into use. Local surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Glean history began the son of Gerard. The surname Glean was originally derived from the Old German Gerhard which meant spear-brave. In Old English, patronyms were formed by adding a variety of suffixes to personal names, which changed over time and from place to place. For example, after the Norman Conquest, sunu and sune, which meant son, were the most common patronymic suffixes. In the 12th and 13th centuries, the most common patronymic names included the word filius, which meant son. By the 14th century, the suffix son had replaced these earlier versons. Surnames that were formed with filius or son were more common in the north of England and it was here that the number of individuals without surnames was greatest at this time.

Glean Early Origins



The surname Glean was first found in Cornwall, where the Glean family held a family seat from very ancient times. The name was first recorded in 1100, when Hubert de Glin was living in the manor of Glynn near Bodmin, Cornwall.

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Glean Spelling Variations


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Glean Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Glynn, Glynne, Glinn, Glyn, Glin and others.

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Glean Early History


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Glean Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Glean research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1602, 1666, 1638, 1690, 1673, 1663, 1721, 1698, 1701, 1665, 1729 and 1606 are included under the topic Early Glean History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Glean Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Glean Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was Baron Wolverton; Sir John Glynne KS (1602-1666), a Welsh lawyer, Lord Chief Justice of the Upper Bench; Sir William Glynne, 1st Baronet (1638-1690), a Welsh...

Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Glean Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Glean In Ireland


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Glean In Ireland



Some of the Glean family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A search of the immigration and passenger lists has shown a number of people bearing the name Glean:

Glean Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Abraham Glean, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765

Glean Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Nicholas Glean, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1848
  • George Glean, who arrived in America in 1886

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Contemporary Notables of the name Glean (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Glean (post 1700)



  • Joseph A. Glean, American politician, Independent Candidate for Virginia State House of Delegates 44th District, 2011

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Glean Family Crest Products


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Glean Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
    2. Dunkling, Leslie. Dictionary of Surnames. Toronto: Collins, 1998. Print. (ISBN 0004720598).
    3. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
    4. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
    5. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    6. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    7. Markale, J. Celtic Civilization. London: Gordon & Cremonesi, 1976. Print.
    8. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    9. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
    10. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
    11. ...

    The Glean Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Glean Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 26 October 2015 at 11:28.

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