Show ContentsGaywood History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Early Origins of the Gaywood family

The surname Gaywood was first found in Norfolk where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, 1 indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Gaywood, held by Bishop William, who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086.

Early History of the Gaywood family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gaywood research. Another 65 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1206, 1273, 1366, 1650 and 1680 are included under the topic Early Gaywood History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gaywood Spelling Variations

Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Gaywood include Gaywood, Gaywode, Gaiwood, Gawood, Kaywood, Caywood, Geywood and many more.

Early Notables of the Gaywood family

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was

  • Richard Gaywood (fl. 1650-1680), an English engraver noted for his etchings of birds and animals and his portraits...

Australia Gaywood migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gaywood Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Gaywood, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Rajasthan" in 1838 2
  • Ann Gaywood, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Rajasthan" in 1838 2

Contemporary Notables of the name Gaywood (post 1700) +

  • Nicholas "Nick" Richard Gaywood (b. 1963), former English cricketer

  1. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) RAJASTHAN 1838. Retrieved from on Facebook