Gard History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Early Origins of the Gard family

The surname Gard was first found in Kent where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. The Saxon influence of English history diminished after the Battle of Hastings in 1066. The language of the courts was French for the next three centuries and the Norman ambience prevailed. But Saxon surnames survived and the family name was first referenced in the year 1275 when Richard and John Gard held Lands.

Important Dates for the Gard family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gard research. Another 70 words (5 lines of text) covering the years 1455, 1487, 1606, 1662, 1645 and 1697 are included under the topic Early Gard History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gard Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Gard are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Gard include: Gard, Guard, Garde, Guarde and others.

Early Notables of the Gard family (pre 1700)

Another 41 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Gard Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Gard migration to the United States

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Gard or a variant listed above:

Gard Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Margaret Gard, aged 24, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [1]
Gard Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Robert Gard, who landed in Virginia in 1700 [1]
Gard Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Juan Gard, aged 57, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1829 [1]
  • Manuel G Gard, aged 8, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1829 [1]
  • Peter Gard, who arrived in Indiana in 1840 [1]
  • Q J Gard, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1850 [1]
  • Miss Gard, who arrived in America in 1856 [1]

Gard migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Gard Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Bennett Gard, English convict from Wiltshire, who was transported aboard the "Arab" on July 3, 1822, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]
  • William Gard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839 [3]
  • Elizabeth Gard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cleveland" in 1839 [3]
  • Thomas Gard, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Cressy" in 1847 [4]
  • Richard Gard, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Lord Raglan" [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Gard migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Gard Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. J. Gard, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship 'Merchantman' arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand and Auckland New Zealand on 6th September 1855 [6]
  • Frederic Gard, aged 24, a farm labourer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ocean Mail" in 1875
  • William George Gard, aged 25, a plasterer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rodney" in 1875
  • Sarah A. Gard, aged 21, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Rodney" in 1875
  • Miss Edith Louisa Gard, (b. 1859), aged 18, Cornish general servant departing on 31st July 1877 aboard the ship "Otaki" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 4th November 1877 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Gard (post 1700)

  • Major-General Robert Gibbins Gard (1899-1983), American Commanding General VII Corps (1957-1959) [8]
  • Warren Gard (1873-1929), American Democrat politician, Common Pleas Court Judge in Ohio, 1907-12; U.S. Representative from Ohio 3rd District, 1913-21; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Ohio, 1924, 1928 [9]
  • Thomas Gard, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2000 [9]
  • Seth Gard (1775-1845), American politician, Delegate to Illinois State Constitutional Convention from Edwards County, 1818 [9]
  • Oliver Gard, American Republican politician, Chair of Clinton County Republican Party, 1905 [9]
  • Nancy Gard, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1948 [9]
  • Jess Gard, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Oregon, 1960 [9]
  • Beverly Gard, American Republican politician, Presidential Elector for Indiana, 2000 [9]
  • Trevor Gard (b. 1957), former English first-class cricketer
  • Ms. Caroline Janet Gard B.E.M.,, British recipient of Medallist of the British Empire Medal 29th December 2018 for services to Young People and to Charity [10]
  • ... (Another 4 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Gard family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Johannes Gard (1869-1914), Norwegian Third Class Passenger from Stavanger, Norway who survived the sinking on the Empress of Ireland [11]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Arab voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1822 with 155 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/arab/1822
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CLEVELAND 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Cleveland.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CRESSY 1847. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1847Cressy.htm
  5. ^ South Australian Register Friday February 7th, 1856. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Lord Raglan 1856. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/lordraglan1856.shtml
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 2018, April 30). Emigrants to Auckland 1872-80 [PDF]. Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/new_zealand_assisted.pdf
  8. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, March 5) Robert Gard. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Gard/Robert_Gibbins/USA.html
  9. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 23) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  10. ^ "Birthday and New Year Honours Lists (1940 to 2019)." Issue 62507, 28 December 2018 | London Gazette, The Gazette, Dec. 2018, www.thegazette.co.uk/honours-lists
  11. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
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