Gaon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
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Early Origins of the Gaon family
The surname Gaon was first found in Huntingdonshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book,  indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant of the lands of Redinger held by Richard d'Engaine who was recorded in the Domesday Book census of 1086. Richard was of Engen near Boulogne and accompanied the Conqueror at Hastings. Vitalis, his son, married the daughter of the Earl of Oxford, Alberic de Ver. It is apparent that the main line of the family were one of the rebellious barons for the next we hear is of Vitalis and Richard in Northumberland in 1130. Ralph Engaine held estates in Cumberland in 1158. Some lines of the family continued in Gloucestershire, Suffolk and Devon where Richard Ingayn held in 1310.
Early History of the Gaon family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Gaon research. Another 168 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1299, 1346, 1347, and 1380 are included under the topic Early Gaon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gaon Spelling Variations
Before the last few hundred years the English language had no fixed system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations occurred commonly in Anglo Norman surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Gaon were recorded, including Engain, Gain, Gayn, Gaines, Ingain, Engham, Engaine, D'Engain, D'Engayne, Engame, Engam, Gayne, Gayn, Gaynes, Angain, Gayney, Dengaine, Dengayne, Dangain, D'Angain, Gagne, Ingen and many more.
Early Notables of the Gaon family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Gaon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Gaon migration to the United States +
The unstable environment in England at this time caused numerous families to board ships and leave in search of opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad in places like Ireland, Australia, and particularly the New World. The voyage was extremely difficult, however, and only taken at great expense. The cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels caused many to arrive diseased and starving, not to mention destitute from the enormous cost. Still opportunity in the emerging nations of Canada and the United States was far greater than at home and many went on to make important contributions to the cultures of their adopted countries. An examination of many early immigration records reveals that people bearing the name Gaon arrived in North America very early:
Gaon Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Rachel Gaon, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1920 aboard the ship "Regina d'Italia" from Napoli, Italy 
- Viktoria Gaon, aged 21, who arrived in New York in 1920 aboard the ship "Pannonia" from Patras, Greece 
Related Stories +
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6CG-1M2 : 6 December 2014), Rachel Gaon, 20 Apr 1920; citing departure port Napoli, arrival port New York, ship name Regina d'Italia, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
- ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J665-YPN : 6 December 2014), Viktoria Gaon, 11 Aug 1920; citing departure port Patras, arrival port New York, ship name Pannonia, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).