The name Fortume was brought to England
by the Normans
when they conquered the country in 1066. The ancestors of the Fortume family lived in Essex
, in the town of Fordham. Ancient records reveal the name Fortume is derived from the Old English ford,
which means ford,
which means homestead.
Towns bearing this name also exist in Norfolk
. Fordham Essex
is arguably the most important of these towns, but all were held by Norman nobles in the 11th century.
Early Origins of the Fortume family
The surname Fortume was first found in Essex
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Fordham. In the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
a survey of England
undertaken for Duke William of Normandy
in 1086 A.D. after his conquest of England
at Hastings in 1066, there were three villages or manors named Fordham, one in Cambridgeshire
, one in Norfolk
and one in Essex
, all were held by Norman nobles. The one which was most influential and gave rise to the name Fordham was that of Fordham in Essex
which was held by William de Warrene and others. In the survey of 1086 the village consisted of a Mill, 6 Beehives, and 25 goats. It was the Norman custom that the senior son should continue the main line name, but that the second son should adopt the name of the manor. "A small Gilbertine priory was founded in the reign of Henry III., by Sir Robert de Fordham, [in Fordham, Cambridgeshire] as a cell to the great monastery of the same order at Sempringham, in Lincolnshire; but scarcely a vestige remains." CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
Early History of the Fortume family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fortume research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 138 and 1388 are included under the topic Early Fortume History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Fortume Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Fortume are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Fortume include Fordham, Fordeham, Fordsham, Fordesham, Fordam and others.
Early Notables of the Fortume family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Fortume Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Fortume family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Fortume, or a variant listed above: Robert Fordham who settled in Massachusetts in 1635; Edward Fordham settled in Rappahannock Virginia in 1728; George Fordham settled in Pennsylvania in 1773.