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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


Soon after the Norman Conquest of England in 1066, the name Fortescue was recognized on the island as a name for a valiant or strong warrior. This name is composed of the Old French elements, fort, which means strong, and escu, which means shield. Sir Richard le Forte was one of the leaders of the Norman army at Hastings. He was a great fighter and protected Duke William by holding a large shield or escue in front of him, hence Fortescue.

Fortescue Early Origins



The surname Fortescue was first found in Devon at Wymodeston (later called Winston) in the parish of Modbury in the year 1209. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
This was "the most ancient seat of the Fortescues, in whose possession it continued from the days of King John to the Reign or Queen Elizabeth." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
A current search for Winston in Devon returns nothing other than a reference to Winston Manor. However, the parish of Modbury is today in the South Hams region.

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Fortescue Spelling Variations


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Fortescue Spelling Variations



Norman surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are largely due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The introduction of Norman French to England, as well as the official court languages of Latin and French, also had pronounced influences on the spelling of surnames. Since medieval scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings. The name has been spelled Fortescue, Fortesque and others.

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Fortescue Early History


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Fortescue Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Fortescue research. Another 391 words (28 lines of text) covering the years 1442, 1607, 1394, 1476, 1442, 1461, 1531, 1607, 1578, 1659, 1580, 1659, 1621, 1581, 1666, 1665, 1719, 1689, 1695, 1695, 1698 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Fortescue History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Fortescue Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Fortescue Early Notables (pre 1700)



Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Sir John Fortescue (c.1394-1476), English jurist. A supporter of the Lancastrian king Henry VI, he was chief justice of the Court of King's Bench from 1442 until 1461; John Fortescue (1531-1607), the third Chancellor of the Exchequer of England; George Fortescue (1578-1659), an...

Another 54 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Fortescue Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Fortescue In Ireland


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Fortescue In Ireland



Some of the Fortescue family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 83 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Many English families emigrated to North American colonies in order to escape the political chaos in Britain. Unfortunately, many English families made the trip to the New World under extremely harsh conditions. Overcrowding on the ships caused the majority of the immigrants to arrive diseased, famished, and destitute from the long journey across the stormy Atlanti c. Despite these hardships, many of the families prospered and went on to make invaluable contributions to the development of the cultures of the United States and Canada. Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Fortescue or a variant listed above:

Fortescue Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Simon Fortescue settled in Virginia in 1626
  • Nicholas Fortescue who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Nich Fortescue, who landed in Virginia in 1635

Fortescue Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Daniel, James, Jay, and Patrik Fortescue all arrived in Philadelphia between 1850 and 1870

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Contemporary Notables of the name Fortescue (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Fortescue (post 1700)



  • Charles LeGeyt Fortescue (1876-1936), Canadian electrical engineer among the first graduates of the Queen's University electrical engineering program in 1898
  • Sir John William Fortescue KCVO (1859-1933), British statesman and historian
  • Mabel Fortescue (1892-1930), original name of Mabel Normand, the American silent film comedienne and actress
  • Harriet Angelina Fortescue (1825-1889), British writer
  • Trevor Victor Norman Fortescue CBE (1916-2008), British politician

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Forte scutum salus ducum
Motto Translation: A strong shield is the safety of generals


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Fortescue Family Crest Products


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Fortescue Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.

Other References

  1. Crozier, William Armstrong Edition. Crozier's General Armory A Registry of American Families Entitled to Coat Armor. New York: Fox, Duffield, 1904. Print.
  2. Bardsley, C.W. A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6).
  3. Cook, Chris. English Historical Facts 1603-1688. London: MacMillan, 1980. Print.
  4. Ingram, Rev. James. Translator Anglo-Saxon Chronicle 1823. Print.
  5. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  6. Egle, William Henry. Pennsylvania Genealogies Scotch-Irish and German. Harrisburg: L.S. Hart, 1886. Print.
  7. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
  8. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin . Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  9. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  10. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  11. ...

The Fortescue Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Fortescue Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 10 February 2016 at 10:35.

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