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Origins Available: German, Scottish


The Dalriadan kingdom of ancient Scotland was the home of the ancestors of the Colter family. Their name indicates that they lived in or near Coulter in Lanarkshire or Aberdeenshire, in Scotland. The surname Colter is derived from the Gaelic phrase, cúl tir, which means, black land. Colter is therefore a local surname, of which there are many types. For instance, topographic surnames could be given to a person who lived beside any physical feature, such as a hill, stream, church or type of tree. Habitation names form the other broad category of surnames that were derived from place-names. They were derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads. Other local names are derived from the names of houses, manors, estates, regions, and entire counties. In this case, the surname is both topographical, in that it comes from the phrase, black land, and local in the general sense, since it comes from the place-name, Coulter.

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The surname Colter was first found in Lanarkshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Lannraig) a former county in the central Strathclyde region of Scotland, now divided into the Council Areas of North Lanarkshire, South Lanarkshire, and the City of Glasgow, where they held a family seat from very early times.

Translation in medieval times was an undeveloped science and was often carried out without due care. For this reason, many early Scottish names appeared radically altered when written in English. The spelling variations of Colter include Coulter, Colter, Coalter, Coultere, Coultar, Coultur, Coltar, Coltur, Coltir, Coltire and many more.


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This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Colter research. Another 180 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1226 and 1281 are included under the topic Early Colter History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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More information is included under the topic Early Colter Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Some of the Colter family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 280 words (20 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The descendants of the Dalriadan families who made the great crossing of the Atlantic still dot communities along the east coast of the United States and Canada. In the American War of Independence, many of the settlers traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Clan societies and highland games have allowed Canadian and American families of Scottish descent to recover much of their lost heritage. Investigation of the origins of family names on the North American continent has revealed that early immigrants bearing the name Colter or a variant listed above include:

Colter Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • James Colter, who arrived in New England in 1722

Colter Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Oliver Colter, who landed in New York in 1831
  • Francis Colter, who landed in Mississippi in 1840
  • Timothy Colter, who landed in Tippecanoe County, Ind in 1844
  • John Colter, who landed in Tippecanoe County, Ind in 1844
  • S Colter, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1850
  • ...

Colter Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • John Colter, aged 26, a farmer, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Independence" from Kinsale, Ireland

Colter Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J. Colter arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ulcoats" in 1864
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  • Steve Colter (b. 1962), retired American professional basketball player
  • Mike Randal Colter (b. 1976), American actor
  • Jessi Colter (b. 1943), American country music artist
  • Mary Elizabeth Jane Colter (1869-1958), American architect and designer
  • John Colter (1774-1812), member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition
  • Thomas Henry Colter (b. 1850), Canadian farmer and politician in New Brunswick
  • Charles Wesley Colter (1846-1929), Canadian lawyer, publisher and politician in Ontario
  • Newton Ramsay Colter (1844-1917), Canadian physician and politician in New Brunswick
  • George Johnson Colter (1840-1915), Canadian farmer and politician in New Brunswick
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Citations



    Other References

    1. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
    2. Black, George F. The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3).
    3. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
    4. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    5. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
    6. Warner, Philip Warner. Famous Scottish Battles. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1996. Print. (ISBN 0-76070-004-4).
    7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry Including American Families with British Ancestry 2 Volumes. London: Burke Publishing, 1939. Print.
    8. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
    9. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. Acts of Malcom IV 1153-65 Volume I Regesta Regum Scottorum 1153-1424. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1960. Print.
    10. Fulton, Alexander. Scotland and Her Tartans: The Romantic Heritage of the Scottish Clans and Families. Godalming: Bramley, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-86283-880-0).
    11. ...

    The Colter Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Colter Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 20 October 2014 at 14:38.

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