Eston History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The roots of the Anglo-Saxon name Eston come from when the family resided in the village of Ashton, Lancashire. The first part of the name, Ash, was originally given to a person who resided in an area where ash trees prospered. There are eighteen parishes and townships called Ashton in numerous counties and there are also various minor localities of this same name.

Early Origins of the Eston family

The surname Eston was first found in Lancashire, where they held a family seat originally at Assheton, originally known as Assheton-under-Lyne. [1]

The manor of Middleton has an extensive history dating back to the de Lacy family. It passed through Thomas Plantagenet and then "it would appear that the manor subsequently passed to the Kydales and the Bartons; and by the marriage of Sir Ralph Assheton, commonly called the " Black Knight of Ashton," with the last heiress of the Bartons, it was conveyed to the Assheton family.

Sir Ralph was successively knight-marshal, and vice-constable of England, the latter office having been conferred upon him for his gallant services under Richard, Duke of Gloucester, afterwards Richard III.; and his devoted attachment to the house of York was rewarded by that sovereign with the grant of divers manors confiscated from the adherents of the house of Lancaster. His grandson, Sir Richard Assheton, was one of the heroes of Flodden-Field, and led to the attack in that memorable battle a body of Middleton bowmen, which formed part of the left wing under the command of Sir Edward Stanley; for his valour on the occasion, he received the honour of knighthood from Henry VIII., and various important privileges were conferred upon his manor of Middleton." [2]

"The manor [of Downham, Lancashire] is carried up to a period before the Conquest, when it was possessed by Aufray, or Alfred, a Saxon. It was granted by the Lacys to Ralph de Rous, and afterwards to Peter de Cestria; and by Henry, Duke of Lancaster, to John de Dyneley, a member of the Cliviger family. After the dissolution of Whalley Abbey, in which the fee vested, it was sold to Richard Assheton; and Downham Hall, existing in 1308, but rebuilt in 1775, became the seat of the Asshetons." [2]

Sir John de Ashton ( fl. 1370), was a military commander, the son of Thomas de Ashton, who had distinguished himself at the battle of Nevill's Cross. His son, Sir John de Ashton (d. 1428), was Seneschal of Bayeux. "He was one of forty-six esquires who were summoned to attend the grand coronation of Henry IV, in honour of which event they were solemnly admitted to the order of the Bath. He served in the parliament of 1413 as knight of the shire for Lancashire. " [3]

Sir Robert de Ashton (d. 1385), was a "civil, military, and naval officer under Edward III, was of the great northern family of Ashton or Assheton, of Ashton-under-Lyne, in the county of Lancaster." [3]

His son, Thomas de Ashton (fl. 1346), was a "warrior, the son and heir of Sir Robert de Ashton, and it is remarkable that, although the chief recorded event of his life shows him to have been a man of conspicuous military courage, he does not appear to have received the honour of knighthood." [3]

Important Dates for the Eston family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eston research. Another 259 words (18 lines of text) covering the years 1086, 1273, 1323, 1400, 1431, 1585, 1646, 1700, 1818, 1581, 1644, 1605, 1680, 1620, 1695, 1624, 1696, 1626, 1665, 1652, 1716, 1590, 1625, 1691, 1658, 1658, 1641, 1711, 1651, 1716, 1677, 1679, 1694 and 1698 are included under the topic Early Eston History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Eston Spelling Variations

The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Eston has been recorded under many different variations, including Ashton, Asshton, Asheton, Ashtown, Assheton, Ascheton and many more.

Early Notables of the Eston family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Sir Ralph Assheton, 1st Baronet of Lever (c. 1581-1644); Sir Ralph Assheton, 2nd Baronet of Lever (c. 1605-1680); Sir Edmund Assheton, 3rd Baronet of Lever (1620-1695); Sir John Assheton, 4th Baronet of Lever (1624-1696); Sir Ralph Assheton, 1st Baronet of Middleton (1626-1665), Sir Ralph Assheton, 2nd Baronet of Middleton (1652-1716.) Nicholas Assheton (1590-1625), was a country squire who lived at Downham, near Clitheroe, Lancashire. "He is noteworthy on account of a brief diary which he left illustrating the character of the country life of that part of West Lancashire which is associated with the poet Spenser...
Another 172 words (12 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Eston Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Eston migration to the United States

For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Eston or a variant listed above:

Eston Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John Eston, who arrived in Maryland in 1651 [4]
  • James Eston, who landed in Maryland in 1662 [4]
  • Alice Eston, who arrived in Virginia in 1665 [4]

Eston migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Eston Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Eston, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Brankenmore" in 1846 [5]

Contemporary Notables of the name Eston (post 1700)

  • Eston Marchant, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from South Carolina, 1964 [6]

Citations

  1. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  2. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  3. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BRANKENMORE 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846Brankenmoor.gif
  6. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2016, January 22) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
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