The surname Erwine was first used in the Scottish/English Borderlands by an ancient Scottish people called the Strathclyde- Britons
. It was a name for someone who lived in the parish of Irving
in the county of Dumfriesshire
or from Irvine
in Strathclyde. The names have become indistinguishable over time.
Early Origins of the Erwine family
The surname Erwine was first found in Dumfriesshire
(Gaelic: Siorrachd Dhùn Phris), a Southern area, bordering on England
that today forms part of the Dumfries and Galloway
Council Area. According to family lore, they descend from Duncan "the first of Eryvine," killed at the battle of Duncrub in 965. As far as records are concerned, the earliest listed was William de Irwin, an armor bearer to King Robert the Bruce. He received a grant of lands encompassing the Forest of Drum, on the banks of the River Irvine. And it was here that he had Drum Castle built which would become the family seat
of the Clan
for centuries. The river originally was named Lar Avon, or West River. Robert de Hirvine, ancestor of that previous William was mentioned in a Charter dated 1226 and he was at that time tenant
of the Douglas Clan
. From 1331-33 the family received further grants of land and by 1400 had become a very predominant family. The Chief of the Irvines lead his Clansmen in the Battle of Harlaw in 1511. Sir Alexander Irvine was slain there, and it was said of him: 'Gude Sir Alexander Irvine, The much renowned Laird of Drum.'
Early History of the Erwine family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Erwine research.Another 188 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1057, 1376, 1323, 1976, 1411 and are included under the topic Early Erwine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Erwine Spelling Variations
Spelling and translation were hardly exact sciences in Medieval Scotland
. Sound, rather than any set of rules, was the basis for spellings, so one name was often spelled different ways even within a single document. Spelling variations
are thus an extremely common occurrence in Medieval Scottish names. Erwine has been spelled Irwin, Erwin, Irvine, Irving, Urwin, Erwine, Ervin, Erwing, Ervynn, Ervine, Erwynn, Irwing, Irwryn and many more.
Early Notables of the Erwine family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Erwine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Erwine family to Ireland
Some of the Erwine family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 299 words (21 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Erwine family to the New World and Oceana
Such hard times forced many to leave their homeland in search of opportunity across the Atlantic. Many of these families settled along the east coast of North America in communities that would become the backbones of the young nations of the United States and Canada. The ancestors of many of these families have rediscovered their roots in the 20th century through the establishment of Clan
societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. Among them:
Erwine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- B Erwine, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 CITATION[CLOSE]
Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
Erwine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- James Erwine, aged 37, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1852 aboard the ship "Marshall Bennett" CITATION[CLOSE]
South Australian Register Tuesday 3 February 1852. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MARSHALL BENNETT 1852. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/marshallbennett1852.shtml
The Erwine Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Candide et constanter
Motto Translation: Fairly and firmly.