Erskine History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Among the all the peoples of ancient Scotland, the first to use the name Erskine were the Strathclyde- Britons. It was a name for someone who lived on the Clyde river, near Glasgow. The town name comes from the Gaelic air an sgian, meaning "upon the knife," Legend has it that a Scotsman under the command of Malcolm II uttered the phrase after slaying a Danish leader at the Battle of Murthill.

Early Origins of the Erskine family

The surname Erskine was first found in at Erskine in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland. In the year 1225, King Alexander II granted Henry de Erskine, who held the baroncy of Erskine, lands in Renfrewshire. Sir John Ireskin also swore an oath of allegiance to King Edward I of England in 1296. Members of the Erskine family appear in many other documents and records dating from throughout the 13th century and afterward. A few of the more interesting records show that Henry de Erskyn bore official witness to the Earl of Lennox's grant of a church to the Abbey of Paisley, and that in 1491, Robert Erschin held the office of Canon of Glasgow.

Important Dates for the Erskine family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Erskine research. Another 235 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1376, 1715, 1552, 1572, 1558, 1634, 1685, 1592, 1572, 1616, 1671, 1558, 1634, 1615, 1677, 1662, 1743, 1695, 1768, 1624, 1696 and are included under the topic Early Erskine History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Erskine Spelling Variations

The variation in the spelling of Medieval names is a result of the lack of spelling rules in the English language prior to the last few hundred years. Before that time, scribes spelled according to sound, often varying the spelling of name within a single document. Erskine has appeared as Erskine, Arskine, Arskin, Erskin, Irskine, Hirskine, Ersken and many more.

Early Notables of the Erskine family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the family at this time was John Erskine, 5th Lord Erskine (died 1552), a Scottish nobleman; John Erskine, 17th Earl of Mar (died 1572), Regent of Scotland; John Erskine, 2nd Earl of Mar (ca.1558-1634), Scottish politician; William Erskine (died 1685), Master of Charterhouse Hospital; Alexander Erskine of Gogar, (died 1592), Scottish laird and keeper of James VI of Scotland at Stirling Castle; Lady Margaret Erskine (died 1572), a mistress of King James V...
Another 75 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Erskine Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Erskine family to Ireland

Some of the Erskine family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Erskine migration to the United States

As the persecution of Clan families continued, they sailed for North America in increasing numbers. In most cases, they found the freedom and opportunity they sought. Land was often available and the American War of Independence allowed Scots an opportunity to solidify their independence from the English crown. These settlers and their ancestors went on to play essential roles in the forging of the nations of the United States and Canada. Among them:

Erskine Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • George Erskine, who arrived in Jamaica in 1711 [1]
  • Christopher Erskine, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1725 [1]
  • Henry Erskine, who landed in Maryland in 1750 [1]
  • Thomas Erskine, who settled in New England in 1773
Erskine Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Erskine, who landed in America in 1803 [1]
  • William Erskine, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1810 [1]
  • A Erskine, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [1]
  • Alexander Erskine, who landed in Westmoreland County, Pennsylvania in 1872 [1]
  • John, Richard and William Erskine, who arrived in Philadelphia in 1876

Erskine migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Erskine Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Robert Erskine, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thomas Erskine, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750

Erskine migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Erskine Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Margaret Erskine, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Anna Maria" on October 4, 1851, settling in Van Diemen's Land, Australia [2]

Erskine migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Erskine Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. John Henry Erskine, (b. 1852), aged 6 years 6 months, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [3]
  • Mr. James Brown Erskine, (b. 1857), aged 1 year 3 months, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [3]
  • Mr. Robert Erskine, (b. 1817), aged 41, British gardener travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [3]
  • Mrs. Sarah Erskine, (b. 1823), aged 35, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [3]
  • Mr. William Erskine, (b. 1853), aged 5, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Mystery" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 29th March 1859 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Erskine (post 1700)

  • Albert Russel Erskine (1871-1933), American businessman president of Studebaker from 1915 to 1933, eponym of the Erskine automobile
  • Peter Erskine (b. 1954), American jazz drummer and composer
  • Graves Blanchard Erskine (1897-1973), American Marine Corps officer who led the 3rd Marine Division during the Battle of Iwo Jima
  • George B. Erskine, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1940 (alternate), 1944, 1948 (alternate); Chair of Cameron County Republican Party, 1953 [4]
  • Emmett E. Erskine, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Ohio, 1912 [4]
  • David Erskine, American politician, U.S. Consul in Stockholm, 1818-36 [4]
  • C. D. Erskine, American politician, Member of South Dakota State Senate 41st District, 1921-28 [4]
  • Byron R. Erskine, American politician, Circuit Judge in Michigan 16th Circuit, 1906-10 [4]
  • B. G. Erskine, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1932 [4]
  • Alden J. Erskine, American Republican politician, Member of Iowa State Senate 12th District; Elected 1970 [4]
  • ... (Another 20 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Erskine family

HMS Hood
  • Mr. Roy D Erskine (b. 1921), English Signalman serving for the Royal Navy from Southsea, Hampshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [5]
  • Mr. John G M Erskine (b. 1908), Irish Lieutenant-Commander (E) serving for the Royal Navy from Holywood, County Down, Ireland, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [5]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Robert Charles Erskine, American Private First Class from Illinois, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [6]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Anna Maria voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1851 with 200 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/anna-maria/1851
  3. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  4. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 22) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  5. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  6. ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html
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