England History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name England has a long Anglo-Saxon heritage. The name comes from when a family lived in a meadow beside water. The surname England originally derived from the Old English word Engelond [1] which referred to a meadow beside a rushing river. As such, the surname is topographic; that is, a name derived from a geographical feature such as a hill, stream, church, or type of tree. [2]

Another source has this theory about the variant England: "It seems quite absurd to have adopted the name of one's country while still residing in it, as a family name; but I am inclined to think that it was first given to an Englishman when living in a foreign country, and that he, on his return, continued to use it. Or, England may possibly be the name of some obscure locality of which the family were anciently possessed, just as the Hollands take their name, not from the land of Dutchmen, but from a district of Lincolnshire. " [3]

Another source claims the word England is from the Anglo-Saxon Englaland c. 890 and means "land of the Angles." [4]

Early Origins of the England family

The surname England was first found in Yorkshire where some of the first records of the family were found listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. The following entries all denote landholders: Alicia de Ingeland; Isabella Ingeland; Willelmus Ingland; and Robertas Ingland. [2]

Looking back further, we found Nicholas de Engelond was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cambridgeshire in 1260; and William de Engelond was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1295. Later, John Ingelond (Engelond) was listed in the Subsidy Rolls of Essex in 1327. [5]

Early History of the England family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our England research. Another 181 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 1066, 1560, 1721, 1717 and 1720 are included under the topic Early England History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

England Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name England have been found, including England, Englund, Englend and others.

Early Notables of the England family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Thomas Ingeland ( fl. 1560), English dramatist, studied, according to his own account, at Cambridge, and is said to have belonged to Christ's College. [6] Edward England (died 1721), born Edward Seegar...
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early England Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

England World Ranking

In the United States, the name England is the 960th most popular surname with an estimated 32,331 people with that name. [7] However, in Newfoundland, Canada, the name England is ranked the 780th most popular surname with an estimated 53 people with that name. [8] And in New Zealand, the name England is the 952nd popular surname with an estimated 785 people with that name. [9] The United Kingdom ranks England as 740th with 9,047 people. [10]

United States England migration to the United States +

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name England, or a variant listed above:

England Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • John England who was one of the founders of Charlestown Massachusetts in 1620
  • John England, who settled in Virginia in 1622
  • Humphrey England and his son settled in Virginia in 1636
  • Humphry, England Jr., who landed in Virginia in 1637 [11]
  • Jon England, who arrived in Virginia in 1638 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
England Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mary Cherry England, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1705 [11]
  • George England, who arrived in America in 1760-1763 [11]
England Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James England, who landed in Savanna(h), Georgia in 1808 [11]
  • William England, who landed in America in 1812 [11]
  • John England, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1822 [11]
  • Francis England, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844 [11]
  • George F England, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1868 [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada England migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

England Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

Australia England migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

England Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

New Zealand England migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

England Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • C England, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1837
  • Joseph England, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Charles England, aged 32, a wheelwright, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • Mary A. England, aged 28, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • George England, aged 9, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Era" in 1855
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name England (post 1700) +

  • Sir Richard England (1793-1883), Irish general, son of Lieutenant-general Richard England of Lifford, co. Clare, a veteran of the war of American Independence, colonel of the 5th regiment, lieutenant-governor of Plymouth, and one of the first colonists of Western Upper Canada
  • Arthur Jay England Jr. (1932-2013), American jurist and lawyer, member of the Florida Supreme Court (1975–1981)
  • Anthony Wayne "Tony" England (b. 1942), American geochemist and former NASA Astronaut with 188 hours in space [18]
  • Jennifer England (b. 1978), American model and actress [19]
  • Gordon Richard England (b. 1937), American businessman who served as the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense and twice as United States Secretary of the Navy
  • John B. England, American fighter pilot and flying ace in the U.S. Army Air Forces, during World War II, credited with 17½ aerial victories
  • Douglas B. England, American Democratic Party politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1996, 2000 [20]
  • Dean England, American politician, Candidate for Mayor of Walker, Michigan, 2001 [20]
  • Charles England, American politician, Mayor of Grand Prairie, Texas, 1992- [20]
  • Cecil W. England, American politician, First Selectman of Manchester, Connecticut, 1947 [20]
  • ... (Another 24 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

England family +

HMS Prince of Wales
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Albert England, British Electrical Artificer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [22]

Suggested Readings for the name England +

  • Genealogies of Some England Families in America: With Miscellaneous England Marriages and Miscellaneous England Data by Charles Walter England.
  • Joseph England and His Descendants: An Historical Genealogy of the England Family as Descending from Joseph England, 1680-1748: A Quaker Family of Cecil County, Maryland by Charles Walter England.

  1. ^ Guppy, Henry Brougham, Homes of Family Names in Great Britain. 1890. Print.
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  4. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  5. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  6. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  7. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  8. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  10. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  11. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  12. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  13. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  15. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2015, January 8) Argyle voyage to Van Diemen's Land, Australia in 1831 with 251 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/argyle/1831
  16. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2014, November 18) Aboukir voyage to Van Diemen's Land and Norfolk Island. [These convicts appear to have all landed in Van Diemen's Land], Australia in 1851 with 280 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/aboukir/1851
  17. ^ South Australian Register Friday 1st September 1854. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emigrant 1854. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/thetis1854.shtml
  18. ^ NASA Astronauts Homepage. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Anthony England. Retrieved from http://www.jsc.nasa.gov/Bios/htmlbios/england-aw.html
  19. ^ Jennifer England. (Retrieved 2010, September 27) Jennifer England. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jen_England
  20. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, December 10) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  21. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  22. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html

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