Edwards History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The Welsh surname Edwards was derived from the personal name Edward. This name is in turn derived from the Old English forename "Eadweard," which literally means "prosperity-guard." [1]

Early Origins of the Edwards family

The surname Edwards was first found in Denbighshire (Welsh: Sir Ddinbych), a historic county in Northeast Wales, where they held a family seat from very ancient times. They claim descent from Einion Efell, Lord of Cynlleth, living in 1182, son of Madoc, Prince of Powys, who built Oswestry Castle in 1148.

His father was Madog ap Maredudd who died in 1160 and was the last Prince of the entire Kingdom of Powys, Wales.

"Edwards of Nanhoron descends from one of the royal tribes of Wales through Sir Griffith Lloyd and Sir Howell y Fwyallt; Edwards of Ness Strange descends from Einion Effel, lord of Cynllaeth, co. Montgomery, 1182; Edwards of Old-Court, co. Wicklow, claims from Roderick the Great, king of all Wales in 843, through his younger son, Tudwall Gloff or "the lame," whose descendants settled in Ireland in the XVII. century." [2]

Early History of the Edwards family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Edwards research. Another 202 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1283, 1597, 1776, 1605, 1656, 1629, 1712, 1686, 1712, 1615, 1681, 1636, 1648, 1664, 1679, 1652, 1721, 1396, 1751, 1832, 1784, 1808, 1808, 1815, 1620 and are included under the topic Early Edwards History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Edwards Spelling Variations

Compared to other ancient cultures found in the British Isles, the number of Welsh surnames are relatively few, but there are an inordinately large number of spelling variations. These spelling variations began almost as soon as surname usage became common. People could not specify how to spell their own names leaving the specific recording up to the individual scribe or priest. Those recorders would then spell the names as they heard them, causing many different variations. Later, many Welsh names were recorded in English. This transliteration process was extremely imprecise since the Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh used many sounds the English language was not accustomed to. Finally, some variations occurred by the individual's design: a branch loyalty within a family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations were indicated by spelling variations of one's name. The Edwards name over the years has been spelled Edwards, Edward, Edwardes and others.

Early Notables of the Edwards family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was John Edwards (c.1605-1656), a Welsh Anglican priest and translator; Jonathan Edwards (1629-1712), Welsh theologian and Principal of Jesus College, Oxford from 1686 to...
Another 32 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Edwards Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Edwards World Ranking

In the United States, the name Edwards is the 49th most popular surname with an estimated 340,719 people with that name. [3] However, in Canada, the name Edwards is ranked the 110th most popular surname with an estimated 26,457 people with that name. [4] And in Newfoundland, Canada, the name Edwards is the 228th popular surname with an estimated 191 people with that name. [5] Australia ranks Edwards as 27th with 49,795 people. [6] New Zealand ranks Edwards as 18th with 6,160 people. [7] The United Kingdom ranks Edwards as 17th with 123,074 people. [8] South Africa ranks Edwards as 726th with 9,444 people. [9]

Ireland Migration of the Edwards family to Ireland

Some of the Edwards family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 235 words (17 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Edwards migration to the United States +

Many Welsh joined the great migrations to North America in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Like their Scottish and Irish neighbors, many Welsh families left their homeland hoping to find hope and prosperity in a land that the English did not exercise a tight rule over. Those Welsh immigrants that successfully traveled to North America went on to make significant contributions to the rapid development of both Canada and the United States in terms of the settling of land and the establishment of industry. They also added to the rich cultural heritage of both countries. An examination into the immigration and passenger lists has discovered a number of people bearing the name Edwards:

Edwards Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Arthur Edwards, who landed in Virginia in 1622 [10]
  • Arthur Edwards, who settled in Virginia in 1623
  • Robert Edwards, who arrived in Maryland in 1633 [10]
  • Rich Edwards, who arrived in Virginia in 1634 [10]
  • Jon Edwards, who landed in Virginia in 1635 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Anne Edwards, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [10]
  • Eliza Edwards, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [10]
  • Walter Edwards, who arrived in Virginia in 1701 [10]
  • Benja Edwards, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [10]
  • Hannah Edwards, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • David J Edwards, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1808 [10]
  • G Edwards, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [10]
  • Edward Henry Edwards, aged 23, who landed in Ohio in 1812 [10]
  • Hayden Edwards, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1813 [10]
  • Haden Edwards, aged 16, who landed in Texas in 1829 [10]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
  • Mr. James Edwards, (b. 1876), aged 24, Cornish miner travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 25th March 1900 en route to Wakefield, Michigan, USA [11]
  • Mr. William Charles Edwards, (b. 1865), aged 35, Cornish fireman travelling aboard the ship "Majestic" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 20th September 1900 en route to Cleveland, Ohio, USA [11]
  • Mr. Samuel R. Edwards, (b. 1825), aged 76, Cornish settler travelling aboard the ship "Cymric" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 10th September 1901 en route to New York, USA [11]
  • Mr. Richard Edwards, (b. 1873), aged 30, Cornish carpenter travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 14th June 1903 en route to Butte, Montana, USA [11]
  • Mr. John Edwards, (b. 1875), aged 28, English carpenter travelling aboard the ship "New York" arriving at Ellis Island, New York on 14th June 1903 en route to Butte, Montana, USA [11]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Edwards migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Edwards Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Joseph Edwards, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Joseph Edwards, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Thomas Edwards, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Joseph Edwards U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 179 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York [12]
  • Mrs. Mary Edwards U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 327 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York [12]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • James G Edwards, who arrived in Canada in 1834
  • Samuel Edwards, aged 24, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Betty Edwards, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the brig "Betsy Heron" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Mr. George Edwards, aged 32 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec but died on Grosse Isle on 29th June 1847 [13]
  • Mr. Henry Edwards, aged 24 who immigrated to Canada, arriving at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec aboard the ship "Charles Richard" departing from the port of Sligo, Ireland but died on Grosse Isle in July 1847 [13]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • I C Edwards, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Australia Edwards migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Edwards Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Margaret Edwards, (b. 1782), aged 16, English convict who was convicted in Shropshire, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1846 [14]
  • Miss Martha Edwards, (b. 1774), aged 24, English house servant who was convicted in Hereford, Herefordshire, England for life for burglary, transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1846 [14]
Edwards Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Miss Elizabeth Edwards, British Convict who was convicted in London, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Mr. James Edwards, British Convict who was convicted in Southampton, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Miss Mary Edwards, British Convict who was convicted in Devon, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Earl Cornwallis" in August 1800, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [15]
  • Ms. Harriot Edwards, (b. 1782), aged 18, Cornish settler convicted in Cornwall, UK on 22nd March 1790, sentenced for life for stealing silver tea tongs, 6 gowns, and other goods, transported aboard the ship "Minorca" in June 1801 to New South Wales, Australia [16]
  • Mr. Thomas Edwards, (b. 1767), aged 34, Irish convict who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for life, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [17]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Edwards migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Edwards Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • John Edwards, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Edwards, who landed in Ohiro, New Zealand in 1840
  • James Edwards, aged 30, a labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Eliza Edwards, aged 29, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • James Edwards, aged 20, a farm labourer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Bolton" in 1840
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Edwards Settlers in New Zealand in the 20th Century
  • William Edwards, aged 25, a bricklayer, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "S. S. Waimana" in 1926

West Indies Edwards migration to West Indies +

The British first settled the British West Indies around 1604. They made many attempts but failed in some to establish settlements on the Islands including Saint Lucia and Grenada. By 1627 they had managed to establish settlements on St. Kitts (St. Christopher) and Barbados, but by 1641 the Spanish had moved in and destroyed some of these including those at Providence Island. The British continued to expand the settlements including setting the First Federation in the British West Indies by 1674; some of the islands include Barbados, Bermuda, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos, Jamaica and Belize then known as British Honduras. By the 1960's many of the islands became independent after the West Indies Federation which existed from 1958 to 1962 failed due to internal political conflicts. After this a number of Eastern Caribbean islands formed a free association. [18]
Edwards Settlers in West Indies in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Robert Edwards, (b. 1587), aged 48, British settler travelling aboard the ship "Expedition" arriving in Barbados in 1636 [19]
  • Abraham Edwards, who settled in Barbados in 1654

Contemporary Notables of the name Edwards (post 1700) +

  • Daryl Edwards, American actor, known for Manifest (2018), The Politician (2019) and Daredevil (2015)
  • Roy Edwards (1954-2020), American politician, Member of the Wyoming House of Representatives (2015-2020)
  • Albert Ely "Al" Edwards (1937-2020), American politician, Member of the Texas House of Representatives (2009-2011)
  • Monroe Edwards (1808-1847), American slave trader, forger, and convicted criminal who was the subject of a well-publicized trial and conviction in 1842; he is mentioned in Herman Melville's story "Bartleby, the Scrivener"
  • Elaine Lucille Edwards (1929-2018), née Schwartzenburg, an American politician from Louisiana, First Lady of Louisiana (1984-1988)
  • Nole Floyd "Nokie" Edwards (1935-2018), American musician, known for his work with The Ventures, inducted into The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
  • Dennis Edwards Jr. (1943-2018), American soul and R&B singer, lead singer in The Temptations, inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989
  • Ronnie Claire Edwards (1933-2016), American actress, best known for playing Corabeth Walton Godsey on the TV series The Waltons
  • Reuben LaVell Edwards (1930-2016), American football head coach for Brigham Young University (BYU)
  • David Monroe Edwards (1939-2016), American football linebacker for the Dallas Cowboys (1962-1795)
  • ... (Another 39 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Miss Elizabeth Jane Edwards (1949-1979), British teacher on exchange to Naenae University, Lower Hutt, North Island, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [20]
  • Ms. Edna Miriam Edwards (d. 1979), New Zealander passenger, from Ponsonby, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus; she died in the crash [20]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. George Edwards, Canadian Second Class Passenger from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [21]
  • Mr. Christopher Edwards (1870-1914), Canadian Third Class Passenger from Broadview, Saskatchewan, Canada who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [21]
Flight TWA 800
  • Mr. Daryl Edwards (1955-1996), aged 41, from Jersey City, New Jersey, USA, American off-duty TWA employee flying aboard flight TWA 800 from J.F.K. Airport, New York to Leonardo da Vinci Airport, Rome when the plane crashed after takeoff ; he died in the crash [22]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mrs. Christina  Edwards (1848-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [23]
Hillsborough disaster
  • Christopher Edwards (1959-1989), English steel worker who was attending the FA Cup semi-final at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, Yorkshire when the stand allocated area became overcrowded and 96 people were crushed in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster and he died from his injuries [24]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Ernest Edwards (1920-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Mt. Morgan, Queensland, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Frederick Edwards (1907-1941), Australian Acting Stoker Petty Officer from Ashfield, New South Wales, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [25]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Thomas W G Edwards (b. 1923), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Clapham, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Robert Edwards (b. 1920), English Stoker 2nd Class serving for the Royal Navy from Gateshead, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
  • Mr. Melville Edwards (b. 1921), Welsh Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Bynea, Carmarthen, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [26]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. William H J Edwards, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Maurice Francis George Edwards, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Kenneth Edwards, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [27]
  • Mr. George Henry Edwards, British Stoker 2nd Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and died in the sinking [27]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Edwin Edwards, British Petty Officer Telegraphist, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [28]
  • Mr. George Edwards, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [28]
  • Mr. John Edwards, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [28]
  • Mr. Walter William Edwards, British Ordinary Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [28]
  • Mr. John T Edwards, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [28]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • William A. Edwards, British Leading Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he survived the sinking [29]
  • Walter Reginald Alfred Edwards (1911-1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [29]
  • Rhobert Gwynedd Edwards (d. 1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [29]
  • James Frederick Edwards (1920-1939), British Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [29]
  • Arthur Edwards (1918-1939), British Stoker 1st Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [29]
Prince of Wales colliery
  • Mr. John Edwards (b. 1852), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [30]
  • Mr. William Edwards (b. 1830), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [30]
  • Mr. John Edwards (b. 1853), Welsh coal miner who was working at the Prince of Wales Colliery in Abercarn, Wales on the 11th September 1878 when there was a coal mine explosion; he died [30]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Henry Edwards, English Scullery man from Bootle, Lancashire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Joseph Edwards, English Third Waiter from Wallasey, Cheshire, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Thomas Edwards, English Fireman from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [31]
  • Mr. Isaac Edwards, American 3rd Class passenger from Greensburg, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [32]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Clement Edwards (d. 1912), aged 38, English Assistant Pantryman Steward from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [33]
Senghenydd colliery
  • Mr. Ernest Edwards (b. 1888), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Evan Edwards (b. 1863), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. George Edwards (b. 1894), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. George Edwards (b. 1865), Welsh coal miner from Senghenydd, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • Mr. Harry Edwards (b. 1894), Welsh coal miner from Abertridwr, Caerphilly, Wales who was working at the Senghenydd colliery when there was an explosion on the 14th October 1913; he died
  • ... (Another 9 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Winter Quarters coal mine
  • Mr. Charles Edwards (b. 1856), English mine worker residing in Coalville, Summit, Utah who worked in the Winter Quarters coal mine on 1st May 1900, when 10 of the 25lb kegs of black powder exploded; he died in the explosion [34]


  1. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  2. ^ Lower, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
  3. ^ https://namecensus.com/most_common_surnames.htm
  4. ^ https://forebears.io/surnames/
  5. ^ The order of Common Surnames in 1955 in Newfoundland retrieved on 20th October 2021 (retrieved from Family Names of the Island of Newfoundland by E.R. Seary corrected edition ISBN 0-7735-1782-0)
  6. ^ https://forebears.io/australia/surnames
  7. ^ https://forebears.io/new-zealand/surnames
  8. ^ https://www.surnamemap.eu/unitedkingdom/surnames_ranking.php?p=10
  9. ^ https://forebears.io/south-africa/surnames
  10. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  11. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_ellis_island_1892_on.pdf
  12. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  13. ^ Charbonneau, André, and Doris Drolet-Dubé. A Register of Deceased Persons at Sea and on Grosse Île in 1847. The Minister of Canadian Heritage, 1997. ISBN: 0-660-198/1-1997E (p. 27)
  14. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 30th October 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/Britannia
  15. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 13th August 2021). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/earl-cornwallis
  16. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_convicts.pdf
  17. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 14th July 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/atlas
  18. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_West_Indies
  19. ^ Pilgrim Ship Lists Early 1600's retrieved 29th September 2021. (Retrieved from https://www.packrat-pro.com/ships/shiplist.htm)
  20. ^ Mount Erebus, Memorial, Roll of Remembrance (Retrieved 2018, February 21st). Retrieved from http://www.erebus.co.nz/memorialandawards/rollofremembrance.aspx
  21. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 16) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  22. ^ The Washington Post Passenger List TWA Flight 800. (Retrieved 2018, February 15th). Retrieved from https://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/twa800/list01.htm
  23. ^ Halifax Explosion Book of Remembrance | Maritime Museum of the Atlantic. (Retrieved 2014, June 23) . Retrieved from https://maritimemuseum.novascotia.ca/what-see-do/halifax-explosion/halifax-explosion-book-remembrance
  24. ^ Hillsborough Victims (retreived 21st March 2021). Retreived from https://metro.co.uk/2019/04/15/remembering-96-victims-hillsborough-disaster-30-years-9206566/
  25. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
  26. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  27. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  28. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  29. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
  30. ^ Entombed in flood and flame (retrieved 3rd August 2021). Retrieved from https://web.archive.org/web/20120603025705/http://www.crosskeys.me.uk/history/prince.htm
  31. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 10) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  32. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/
  33. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
  34. ^ Miners killed in Winter Quarters (retrieved 28th July 2021). Retrieved from http://www.carbon-utgenweb.com/miners.html


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