Early Origins of the Eccup family
The surname Eccup was first found in the West Riding of Yorkshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Echope (the earlier Saxon name). After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, conjecturally, the surname is descended from the tenant
of the lands of Eccup, held by the Count of Mortain and his under-tenant, Richard de Surdeval, who was recorded in the Domesday Book
census of 1086. Richard de Surdeval was from Surdeval, in Manche in the arrondisement of Mortain, in the canton of Surdeval in Normandy
. He received important charters of Hooton Pagnall and the Brus fee, part of which he sold to the Paynells as recorded in the Early Charters of Yorkshire
(vol.vi,p 4). Richard de (Surdeval) Eccup was apparently a relation of the Count of Mortain, probably a younger son, or natural son. At the Domesday, Eccup was a large village north of Leeds. It now has a reservoir.
Early History of the Eccup family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Eccup research.Another 185 words (13 lines of text) covering the years 144 and 1443 are included under the topic Early Eccup History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Eccup Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Eccup are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Eccup include Eccup, Echope, Egcope, Egcup, Eccup, Eccope, Hecope, Ecop, Eckup, Eggup, Ecob, Eccop and many more.
Early Notables of the Eccup family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Eccup Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Eccup family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Eccup, or a variant listed above: settlers were recorded from the mid 17th century in the great migration from Europe. Migrants settled in the eastern seaboard from Newfoundland, to Maine, to Florida, and to the islands..