Douglas History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The ancient Pictish-Scottish family that first used the name Douglas lived in Moray, where the family has a long and distinguished history dating back to early times. Some claim the name is derived from a knight of 770 who after aiding King Solvathius of Scotland in his great battle with Donald Bain, King of the Western Isles was granted the lands of Clydesdale. Others claim the name was originally derived from Theobaldus, a Flemming and were granted the lands of Douglas Water. In Gaelic, the name is Dudhglas means "black stream."

Early Origins of the Douglas family

The surname Douglas was first found in Moray, where the progenitor of the Clan is thought to be Archibald of Douglasdale (1198-1239). The Douglasses of Drumlanrig claim descent from Sir William Douglas, who was granted the lands of Drumlanrig in 1412 by King James I. The grandson of Archibald Douglasdale, known as William the Hardy, served as a companion-in-arms to William Wallace, the patriot leader of the Scottish wars of Independence. His two sons carried on his noble reputation. The first, William, was the progenitor of the Douglases of Morton and was granted the Earldom of Morton in 1458 by King James II. The second, Andrew, and his family became known as the Black Douglases.

Important Dates for the Douglas family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Douglas research. Another 232 words (17 lines of text) covering the years 1174, 1243, 1298, 1220, 1274, 1328, 1400, 1380, 1403, 1360, 1408, 1402, 1404, 1540, 1595, 1594, 1674, 1611, 1662 and are included under the topic Early Douglas History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Douglas Spelling Variations

The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Douglas has been spelled Douglas, Douglass, Dougliss, Dougless, Dowglas, Duglas, Duglass and many more.

Early Notables of the Douglas family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Archibald Douglas, (1328-1400), 3rd Earl of Douglas, Earl of Wigtown, Lord of Douglas, Lord of Bothwell and Lord of Galloway, a late medieval Scottish magnate; George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus (1380-1403), mediaeval Scottish nobleman; Isabel Douglas, Countess of Mar (c. 1360-1408), inherited most of brothers property, excluding only the Douglas lands which could only pass through the male line, she became the most sought after bride in the realm and soon was married to Sir Malcolm Drummond, marriage however failed to produce any children and the Countess soon became the focus of...
Another 354 words (25 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Douglas Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Douglas family to Ireland

Some of the Douglas family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 59 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Douglas migration to the United States

This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Douglas:

Douglas Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Hugh Douglas, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Archeball Douglas, who arrived in Virginia in 1652 [1]
  • John Douglas, who settled in Virginia in 1655
  • Lee William Douglas, who settled in Virginia in 1655
  • John Douglas, who arrived in Virginia in 1655 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Douglas Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Cha Douglas, who landed in Virginia in 1703 [1]
  • Alexander Douglas, who landed in South Carolina in 1750 [1]
  • John Douglas, who arrived in America in 1760-1763 [1]
  • Adam Douglas, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1765 [1]
  • Alex'r Douglas, who arrived in South Carolina in 1772 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Douglas Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Samuel Douglas, aged 18, who arrived in New York, NY in 1803 [1]
  • Samuel Douglas, aged 18, who arrived in New York, NY in 1803 [1]
  • Campbell Douglas, who landed in Charleston, South Carolina in 1813 [1]
  • William Douglas, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1814 [1]
  • William Douglas, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1817 [1]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Douglas migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Douglas Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • William Douglas, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Robert Douglas, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1749
  • Margaret Douglas, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
  • Colin Douglas, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1773
Douglas Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Donald Douglas, aged 24, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • William Douglas, aged 26, who landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • Anne Douglas, aged 50, who arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia in 1815-1816
  • William Douglas, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1815
  • George Douglas, who landed in Canada in 1820
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Douglas Settlers in Canada in the 20th Century
  • James Douglas, who landed in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1907

Douglas migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Douglas Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Nathaniel Douglas, a saddler, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Henry Douglas, who arrived in Kangaroo Island aboard the ship "Emma" in 1836 [2]
  • H. Douglas, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "Katherine Stewart Forbes" in 1837 [3]
  • Henry Douglas, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Lady Emma" in 1837 [4]
  • James Douglas, who arrived in Glenelg Roads aboard the ship "Pestonjee Bomanjee" in 1838 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Douglas migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Douglas Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J Douglas, who landed in New Plymouth, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Aurora
  • Donald Douglas, aged 30, a blacksmith, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • Mary Douglas, aged 32, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • Mary Douglas, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "New Zealand" in 1842
  • William Douglas, aged 26, who arrived in Nelson, New Zealand aboard the ship "Indus" in 1843
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Douglas (post 1700)

  • Kirk Douglas (b. 1916), born Issur Danielovitch, an American actor and film producer and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom, responsible for helping to end the Hollywood blacklist
  • Donna Douglas (1933-2015), American character actress best-known for her role as Elly May Clampett in the long-running television series The Beverly Hillbillies
  • David Glenn Douglas (1963-2016), American NFL football offensive lineman
  • Diana Douglas (1923-2015), born Diana Love Dill, Bermudian-born American actress and comedienne, wife of Kirk Douglas, mother of Michael and Joel Douglas
  • Jesse Douglas (1897-1965), American mathematician, one of two winners of the first Fields Medals in 1936
  • James Henderson Douglas Jr. (1899-1988), American lawyer and senior-level official in the United States Government, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury, United States Deputy Secretary of Defense (1959-1961)
  • Marjory Stoneman Douglas (1890-1998), American journalist, writer, feminist, environmentalist and recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • Frederick Douglas (1818-1895), American abolitionist, orator and journalist
  • Stephen Arnold Douglas (1813-1861), American statesman and the Democratic Party nominee for President in 1860
  • Aaron Douglas (1900-1979), American artist
  • ... (Another 20 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Douglas family

Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. Thomas Douglas, British Baker from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and survived the sinking [6]
Hindenburg LZ-129
  • Mr. Edward Douglas (1898-1937), American Advertising Account Executive from Newark, New Jersey, USA, who was a passenger on board the Hindenburg LZ-129 and died in the Airship Fire [7]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Neil H Douglas (b. 1921), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Ealing, Middlesex, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [8]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. John Douglas, British Stoker Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [9]
  • Mr. Wilfred John Douglas, British Cook "S", who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [9]
RMS Titanic
  • Mrs. Mahala Douglas, (née Dutton), aged 48, American First Class passenger from Minneapolis, Minnesota who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 2 [10]
  • Mrs. Mary Hélène Douglas, (née Baxter), aged 27, Canadian First Class passenger from Montreal, Quebec who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and survived the sinking escaping in life boat 6 [10]
  • Mr. Walter Donald Douglas (d. 1912), aged 50, American First Class passenger from Minneapolis, Minnesota who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking and was recovered by CS Mackay-Bennett [10]

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Citations

  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  2. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) Emma. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1836Emma.gif
  3. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) KATHERINE STEWART FORBES 1837 arrived Holdfast Bay, near Adelaide, on October 17, 1837. . Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837KatherineStewartForbes.htm
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) LADY EMMA 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837LadyEmma.htm
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The PESTONJEE BOMANJEE 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838PestonjeeBomanjee.htm
  6. ^ Commemoration Empress of Ireland 2014. (Retrieved 2014, June 17) . Retrieved from http://www.empress2014.ca/seclangen/listepsc1.html
  7. ^ Hindenburg Disaster Passenger List | Airships.net. (Retrieved 2014, April 11) . Retrieved from http://www.airships.net/hindenburg/disaster/hindenburg-passenger-list/
  8. ^ H.M.S. Hood Association-Battle Cruiser Hood: Crew Information - H.M.S. Hood Rolls of Honour, Men Lost in the Sinking of H.M.S. Hood, 24th May 1941. (Retrieved 2016, July 15) . Retrieved from http://www.hmshood.com/crew/memorial/roh_24may41.htm
  9. ^ HMS Repulse Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listrepulsecrew.html
  10. ^ Titanic Passenger List - Titanic Facts. (Retrieved 2016, July 13) . Retrieved from http://www.titanicfacts.net/titanic-passenger-list.html
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