Dalton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

Ireland already had an established system of hereditary surnames when the Strongbownians arrived. Often the two traditions blended together quite well due to some of their basic similarities, but the incoming Anglo-Norman system brought in some forms that were uncommon amongst the Irish. One of these Anglo-Norman anomalies was the prevalence of local surnames, such as Dalton. Local names were taken from the names of a place or a geographical feature where the person lived, held land, or was born. Originally, the place names were prefixed by de, which means from in French. This type of prefix was eventually either made a part of the surname if the place name began with a vowel or was eliminated entirely. The local surnames of these Strongbownian invaders referred to places in Normandy, or more typically England, but eventually for those Anglo- Normans that remained in Ireland, the nicknames referred to places or geographical features of the island: they became true local names. The Dalton family appears to have originally lived in one of the various places called Alton in England. The name usually means old farmstead or farmstead at the source of a river. The surname Dalton belongs to the class of topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees. The modern form of the surname is D'Alton derived from the original Gaelic form of the surname de Dalatún.

Early Origins of the Dalton family

The surname Dalton was first found in Alton, England where one source claims a Walter fled to "from France having incurred the wrath of the French king by secretly marrying his daughter."[1] Another source has a clearer version of origin, namely: "that Sir Waltero de Aliton, a Frenchman, aspiring to gain the affections of his king's daughter, so incurred the displeasure of her father, that, to avoid the fury of an incensed Monarch, Sir Walterio, with his lady, privately, retired into Ireland." This same Walterio fought so valiantly that he was made "governor of the borders of Meath" where he "acquired great estates and possessions." [2] Essentially, the origins are similar; Walter (Walterio) fled with the king's daughter to England (Ireland.) We will probably never know which rendition is true, but we do know that the surname was in Ireland as early as the 13th century, so much so that the name had a Gaelic version: Dalatún.

Important Dates for the Dalton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Dalton research. Another 88 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1200, 1369, 1561, 1610, 1679, 1659, 1679, 1792 and 1867 are included under the topic Early Dalton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Dalton Spelling Variations

Medieval scribes and church officials spelt names simply the way they sounded, which explains the various name spelling variations of the name Dalton that were encountered when researching that surname. The many spelling variations included: Dalton, Alton, Daltone, D'Alton, Daulton, Daltoun, Altown, Altoun, Altowne, Altone, Daltowne, Daltoune, Dalten, Daltin, Dallton and many more.

Early Notables of the Dalton family (pre 1700)

Another 50 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Dalton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Dalton migration to the United States

During the middle of the 19th century, Irish families often experienced extreme poverty and racial discrimination in their own homeland under English rule. Record numbers died of disease and starvation and many others, deciding against such a fate, boarded ships bound for North America. The largest influx of Irish settlers occurred with Great Potato Famine of the late 1840s. Unfortunately, many of those Irish that arrived in Canada or the United States still experienced economic and racial discrimination. Although often maligned, these Irish people were essential to the rapid development of these countries because they provided the cheap labor required for the many canals, roads, railways, and other projects required for strong national infrastructures. Eventually the Irish went on to make contributions in the less backbreaking and more intellectual arenas of commerce, education, and the arts. Research early immigration and passenger lists revealed many early immigrants bearing the name Dalton:

Dalton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Philemon Dalton was a linen weaver who arrived on the ship "Increase" in the year 1635
  • Samuel Dalton, who landed in Hampton, NH in 1635 [3]
  • Samvel Dalton, aged 5, who landed in New England in 1635 [3]
  • Philemon Dalton, who arrived in Dedham, Massachusetts in 1636 [3]
  • William Dalton is recorded as arriving on the "Goodfellow" in 1654, having been sent by the command of the English Government, after the Cromwellian Invasions of Ireland
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Dalton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Thomas Dalton, who arrived in Virginia in 1714 [3]
  • James Dalton, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1766 [3]
  • John Dalton, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1768 [3]
  • Edward Dalton, aged 28, who arrived in New England in 1774 [3]
Dalton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Dalton, who landed in America in 1810 [3]
  • Andrew Dalton, aged 25, who arrived in New York in 1812 [3]
  • Patrick Dalton, aged 26, who landed in Maryland in 1813 [3]
  • Henry Dalton, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [3]
  • Mrs. Dalton, who arrived in Mobile, Ala in 1822 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Dalton migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Dalton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Catherine Dalton, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1811
  • Richard Dalton, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1834
  • Ellen Dalton, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1835
  • Thomas Dalton, aged 35, a farmer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1838 aboard the barque "Rebecca" from Liverpool, England
  • Margaret Dalton, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1839
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Dalton migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Dalton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Dalton, French convict from Valenciennes, who was transported aboard the "Almorah" on April 1817, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Emma Dalton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Somersetshire" in 1839 [5]
  • T. Dalton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Calphurnia" in 1849 [6]
  • Ellen Dalton, aged 18, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Elgin" in 1849 [7]
  • Thomas Dalton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Emily" in 1849 [8]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Dalton migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Dalton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Annie Dalton, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1842
  • Mr. David Dalton, British settler, as the 2nd Detachment of New Zealand Corps of Royal New Zealand Fencibles travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Minerva" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 8th October 1847 [9]
  • Ellen Dalton, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1853
  • Miss Sophia Dalton, (b. 1835), aged 24, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Mary Anne" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th August 1859 [9]
  • Miss Martha Dalton, (b. 1839), aged 20, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Mary Anne" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 4th August 1859 [9]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Dalton (post 1700)

  • Major-General Joseph Nicholas Dalton (1892-1961), American Director of Personnel, Army Service Forces (1945-1946) [10]
  • Brigadier-General James Leo II Dalton (1910-1945), American Assistant Commanding General 25th Division (1945) [11]
  • Irene Dalton (1901-1934), American actress
  • George Dalton (b. 1947), American playwright
  • Lional Dalton (b. 1975), American NFL football player
  • Emmett Dalton (1861-1937), U.S. outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang who later became an author and actor
  • Henry Dalton (b. 1847), American physician
  • Booker Dalton (1869-1948), American politician, Member of Virginia State House of Delegates, 1913-15
  • Athena Dalton, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Colorado, 2008
  • Ann Dalton, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Michigan, 1944, 1948
  • ... (Another 59 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Dalton family

HMAS Sydney II

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Citations

  1. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
  2. ^ O'Hart, John, Irish Pedigrees 5th Edition in 2 Volumes. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0737-4)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Almorah voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1817 with 180 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/almorah/1817
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) SOMERSETSHIRE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Somersetshire.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The CALPHURNIA 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Calpurnia.htm
  7. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ELGIN 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Elgin.htm
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) The EMILY 1849. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1849Emily.htm
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, January 10) Joseph Dalton. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Dalton/Joseph_Nicholas/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2012, January 10) James Dalton. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Dalton/James_Leo_II/USA.html
  12. ^ HMAS Sydney II, Finding Sydney Foundation - Roll of Honour. (Retrieved 2014, April 24) . Retrieved from http://www.findingsydney.com/roll.asp
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