The illustrious surname Curnew finds its origin in the rocky, sea swept coastal area of southwestern England
known as Cornwall
. Although surnames were fairly widespread in medieval England
, people were originally known only by a single name. The process by which hereditary surnames
were adopted is extremely interesting. As populations grew, people began to assume an extra name to avoid confusion and to further identify themselves. Under the Feudal
System of government, surnames evolved and they often reflected life on the manor and in the field. Lords and their tenants often became known by the name of the feudal
territory they owned or lived on. Unlike most Celtic peoples, who favored patronymic
names, the Cornish predominantly used local
surnames. This was due to the heavy political and cultural influence of the English upon the Cornish People
at the time that surnames first came into use. Local
surnames were derived from where a person lived, held land, or was born. While many Cornish surnames of this sort appear to be topographic surnames, which were given to people who resided near physical features such as hills, streams, churches, or types of trees, many are actually habitation surnames derived from lost or unrecorded place names. The name Curnew is a local type of surname and the Curnew family lived in the county of Cornwall
in southwest England.
Early Origins of the Curnew family
The surname Curnew was first found in Devon
where they held a family seat
from very ancient times, long before the Norman Conquest
Early History of the Curnew family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Curnew research.Another 195 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1513, 1601, 1452, 1467, 1581, 1659, 1613, 1644, 1842, 1605, 1675, 1610, 1662, 1632, 1673, 1660, 1662, 1655, 1698, 1692, 1693, 1689, 1698, 1654, 1717, 1685, 1689, 1468, 1537, 1502, 1503, 1514, 1515, 1505, 1506, 1515, 1516, 1519, 1520 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Curnew History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Curnew Spelling Variations
Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations
. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England
, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations
often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall
and the rest of England
. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic
language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Cornwall
, Cornelle, Cornell, Cornwell, Cornewall, Cornal, Cornale, Cornevale, Carnwell, Carnewell, Carnville, Carnevale, Cornhall, Cornehall, Cornhale, Cornwale, Curnow (from native Cornish word) and many more.
Early Notables of the Curnew family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was Thomas Cornwall, High Sheriff
in 1452 and 1467; Jane Cornwallis (1581-1659), an English lady whose private correspondence (1613-1644) were published in 1842, mother of Frederick Cornwallis; Thomas Cornwallis (c.
1605-1675), an English politician and colonial administrator, one of the first Commissioners... Another 113 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Curnew Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Curnew family to Ireland
Some of the Curnew family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 31 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Curnew family to the New World and Oceana
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Curnew Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Mr. William Curnew born in Cornwall, Cornwall, UK convicted in Surrey on 26th March 1838, sentenced for 7 years for stealing cart arms, transported aboard the ship "Coromandel" in 1838 to Van Diemen's Land, Tasmania, Australia CITATION[CLOSE]
Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf
Contemporary Notables of the name Curnew (post 1700)
- Faith Curnew, American actress, known for her roles in Foxfire (2012), The Town Christmas Forgot (2010) and Sophie & Sheba (2010)
- Wayne Curnew, American actor, known for his roles in Kick-Ass (2010), Accidental Friendship (2008) and The Good Times Are Killing Me (2009)
- Greg Curnew, Canadian Associate Clinical Professor at McMaster University, Canada
The Curnew Motto
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: La Vie Durante
Motto Translation: During life.
Curnew Family Crest Products
- ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 30th May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/tasmanian_convicts_cornish.pdf