Cumming History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The many centuries old Dalriadan-Scottish name Cumming comes from a Breton personal name. Cumming is a patronymic surname, which belongs to the category of hereditary surnames. This surname comes from a Breton personal name, which contained the first component, cam, which means bent or crooked. The name came to England with the Norman settlers after William the Conqueror's success at the Battle of Hastings. It was not long, however, before many members of the Cumming family became dissatisfied with William's rule. In rebellion, many of them fled north, into Scotland, where they were granted lands by King Malcolm Canmore. In Scotland, this family settled in the county of Northumberland, beginning in 1070.

Early Origins of the Cumming family

The surname Cumming was first found in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in England, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Robert of Comyn (Comines,) (died 1069) was a noble who accompanied William the Conqueror and was made Earl of Northumberland. "He so commended himself to the king by his military skill that he was chosen at the end of 1068 for the difficult task of reducing the north of England to obedience. William I conferred on him the earldom of Northumberland, vacant by the flight of Gospatric. Comin was the founder of the family of Comyn, many of whom played an important part in the history of Scotland." [1]

Later, John Comyn (Cumyn) (c. 1215-1275) was Lord of Badenoch in Scotland and justiciar of Galloway in 1258. He founded and started the construction of Blair Castle with a tower in 1269. He was nephew of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, Constable of Scotland, and of Walter Comyn, Earl of Mentieth.

Important Dates for the Cumming family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cumming research. Another 456 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1153, 1133, 1302, 1296, 1306, 1274, 1300, 1289, 1258, 1289, 1275, 1289, 1263, 1266, 1264, 1266, 1286, 1289, 1150, 1212, 1180, 1212, 1189 and are included under the topic Early Cumming History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cumming Spelling Variations

Spelling and translation were not standardized practices until the last few centuries. Spelling variations are extremely common among early Scottish names. Cumming has been spelled Cumin, Cumins, Cumine, Cummin, Cummins, Cummine, Comings, Comins, Commin and many more.

Early Notables of the Cumming family (pre 1700)

Notable among the family at this time was John Comyn (died 1274), was justiciar of Galloway, the son of Richard Comyn and nephew of the powerful Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith. His son John Comyn the Elder (died 1300), of Badenoch, 'claimant to the Scottish throne,' was the second son of John Comyn, justiciar of Galloway. Alexander Comyn (d. 1289)...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cumming Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cumming family to Ireland

Some of the Cumming family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 142 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cumming migration to the United States

Many who arrived from Scotland settled along the east coast of North America in communities that would go on to become the backbones of the young nations of the United States and Canada. In the American War of Independence, many settlers who remained loyal to England went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Their descendants later began to recover the lost Scottish heritage through events such as the highland games that dot North America in the summer months. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Cumming family emigrate to North America:

Cumming Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • George Cumming, who settled in New Jersey in 1685
Cumming Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Antho Cumming, who arrived in Virginia in 1704 [2]
  • George Cumming, who arrived in Leeward Islands in 1709 [2]
  • William Cumming, who landed in Maryland in 1716 [2]
  • William Cumming, who arrived in Annapolis, Maryland in 1717
  • Thomas Cumming, who arrived in New England in 1773 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cumming Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Elnr Cumming, who landed in America in 1805 [2]
  • Jannett Cumming, who arrived in America in 1805 [2]
  • James Cumming, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1812 [2]
  • Tho Cumming, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [2]
  • Ham Cumming, who landed in New York, NY in 1815 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cumming migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Cumming Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. William Cumming U.E. who settled in Eastern District [Cornwall], Ontario c. 1783 [3]
Cumming Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • William Cumming, his wife and their three children, who settled in Nova Scotia in 1803
  • Archibald Cumming, who landed in Canada in 1820
  • Daniel Cumming, who landed in Canada in 1820
  • John, Cumming Jr., who landed in Canada in 1820
  • John, Cumming Sr., who arrived in Canada in 1820

Cumming migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Cumming Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • J. Cumming, a mason, who arrived in Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Peter Cumming, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Archer" in 1846 [4]
  • A. Cumming, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Archer" in 1846 [4]
  • J. Cumming, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Royal Archer" in 1846 [4]
  • Mr. Stephen Cumming, (b. 1819), aged 33, Cornish agricultural labourer departing from Plymouth on 5th September 1852 aboard the ship "Victory" arriving in Geelong, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia on 24th December 1852 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cumming migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Cumming Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Cumming, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • Mr. David Cumming, (b. 1817), aged 24, British settler travelling from Gravesend aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Wellington, New Zealand on 24th May 1841 [6]
  • Mr. John Cumming, (b. 1860), aged 8 months, British settler travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [6]
  • Mr. Peter Cumming, (b. 1822), aged 38, British farm labourer travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [6]
  • Mrs. Margaret Cumming, (b. 1827), aged 33, British settler travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "Matoaka" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 2nd December 1860 [6]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cumming (post 1700)

  • Alfred Cumming (1829-1910), American soldier, brigadier general for the Confederacy in the American Civil War
  • R. C. Cumming, American politician, Mayor of Ocala, Florida, 1954-55 [7]
  • P. S. Cumming, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Georgia, 1916 [7]
  • Mrs. L. G. Cumming, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from New York, 1952 [7]
  • Kristi Cumming, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Utah, 2008 [7]
  • John P. Cumming, American politician, Member of New York State Assembly from New York County 14th District, 1854 [7]
  • James Cumming, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Texas, 2004 [7]
  • James Cumming (b. 1861), American politician, Member of Minnesota State House of Representatives, 1899-1902, 1917-18; Member of Minnesota State Senate 66th District, 1919-22 [7]
  • Hugh Smith Cumming Jr. (1900-1986), American politician, U.S. Ambassador to Indonesia, 1953 [7]
  • Alfred Cumming (1802-1873), American politician, Mayor of Augusta, Georgia, 1836 [7]
  • ... (Another 14 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Cumming family

HMS Royal Oak
  • Leslie Thomas James Cumming (1906-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk; he died in the sinking [8]

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Citations

  1. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) ROYAL ARCHER 1846. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1846RoyalArcher.gif
  5. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_australia_victoria.pdf
  6. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  7. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  8. ^ Ships hit by U-boats crew list HMS Royal Oak (08) - (Retrieved 2018 February, 9th) - retrieved from https://uboat.net/allies/merchants/crews/ship68.html
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