Cuming History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
It is generally believed that this name comes from a Breton personal name, derived from element "cam," meaning "bent," or "crooked;" or perhaps from the herb called "cummin" (cumin).
Or the name may have come from the place name Comines, in Northern France, bordering the Belgium border. Regarding this latter scenario, multiple sources agree with this postulation, but all include wording similar to "there is no positive evidence in favor of this view."   
Early Origins of the Cuming family
The surname Cuming was first found in Norfolk, Lincolnshire, and Yorkshire in England, in the 12th and 13th centuries. Robert of Comyn (Comines,) (died 1069) was a noble who accompanied William the Conqueror and was made Earl of Northumberland. "He so commended himself to the king by his military skill that he was chosen at the end of 1068 for the difficult task of reducing the north of England to obedience. William I conferred on him the earldom of Northumberland, vacant by the flight of Gospatric. Comin was the founder of the family of Comyn, many of whom played an important part in the history of Scotland." 
"The first of the name connected with Scotland is Willelmus Comyn, a churchman, chancellor to David I. He was promoted to the bishopric of Durham by the Empress Matilda, but had many controversies with his clergy. Later he was poisoned by some of their number who mixed poison with the wine of the Sacrament and give it to him to drink. Richard Cumyn, second of the name in Scotland, made a gift of the church of Lyntun-ruderic (Linton-Roderick) to the Abbey of Kelso for the weal of the souls of Earl Henry (d. 1152) and his own son, John. He also witnessed charters by William the Lion after 1165 (REM., I, 2). By his marriage with Hextilda, granddaughter of Donald Bane, king of Scots, he had a son, William, who became chancellor and great justiciary of Scotland. William married Marjory, daughter and heiress of Fergus, the last Celtic earl of Buchan between 1211-1224, and in right of his wife became earl of Buchan. " 
John Comyn (d. 1212), was Archbishop of Dublin and was in his early life a trusted official and chaplain of Henry II.
Later, John Comyn (Cumyn) (c. 1215-1275) was Lord of Badenoch in Scotland and justiciar of Galloway in 1258. He founded and started the construction of Blair Castle with a tower in 1269. He was nephew of Alexander Comyn, Earl of Buchan, Constable of Scotland, and of Walter Comyn, Earl of Mentieth. 
Alexander Comyn, 2nd Earl of Buchan (d. 1289), was Constable of Scotland, "the son of William Comyn, Earl of Buchan, the founder of Deer Abbey, and of Marjory, his second wife, who brought the title into the Comyn family. " 
John Comyn the Elder (d. 1300?), of Badenoch, was 'claimant to the Scottish throne,' and was the second son of John Comyn, Justiciar of Galloway. His lordship of Badenoch came from his uncle, Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith. 
His son, John Comyn the younger (d. 1306), of Badenoch, surnamed The Red, was one of the competitors for the crown of Scotland in 1291. 
Early History of the Cuming family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cuming research. Another 456 words (33 lines of text) covering the years 1124, 1153, 1133, 1302, 1296, 1306, 1274, 1300, 1289, 1258, 1289, 1275, 1289, 1263, 1266, 1264, 1266, 1286, 1289, 1150, 1212, 1180, 1212, 1189 and are included under the topic Early Cuming History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cuming Spelling Variations
Medieval translation of Gaelic names could not be referred to as an accurate process. Spelling was not yet standardized, and names in documents from that era are riddled with spelling variations. Cuming has been written as Cumin, Cumins, Cumine, Cummin, Cummins, Cummine, Comings, Comins, Commin and many more.
Early Notables of the Cuming family (pre 1700)
Notable among the family at this time was John Comyn (died 1274), was justiciar of Galloway, the son of Richard Comyn and nephew of the powerful Walter Comyn, Earl of Menteith. His son John Comyn the Elder (died 1300), of Badenoch, 'claimant to the Scottish throne,' was the second son of John Comyn, justiciar of Galloway.
Alexander Comyn (d. 1289)...
Another 60 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cuming Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cuming family to Ireland
Some of the Cuming family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 142 words (10 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cuming migration to the United States +
Many of the ancestors of Dalriadan families who arrived in North America still live in communities along the east coast of Canada and the United States. In the American War of Independence many of the original settlers traveled north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries the ancestors of many Scots began recovering their collective national heritage through Clan societies, highland games, and other patriotic events. Research into the origins of individual families in North America revealed records of the immigration of a number of people bearing the name Cuming or a variant listed above:
Cuming Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- James Cuming, who landed in Virginia in 1702 
- David Cuming, who landed in Virginia in 1704 
- Alexander Cuming, who arrived in South Carolina in 1729 
- John Cuming, who arrived in Grenada in 1770 
Cuming Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Fortescue Cuming, who arrived in New York in 1803 
- Robert Cuming, who landed in New York in 1834 
- Thomas Cuming, aged 23, who settled in America, in 1892
Cuming Settlers in United States in the 20th Century
- Frederick Cuming, aged 43, who immigrated to the United States from New Zealand, in 1904
- Elizth. Ross Cuming, aged 49, who settled in America from Adelaide, Australia, in 1909
- Robert Burns Cuming, aged 20, who landed in America from Adelaide, Australia, in 1909
- Russell James Cuming, aged 24, who immigrated to the United States from Plymouth, England, in 1911
- Mabel Cuming, aged 22, who immigrated to the United States, in 1911
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Cuming migration to Canada +
Some of the first settlers of this family name were:
Cuming Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
- Andrew Cuming, aged 35, a weaver, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Ugoni" from Belfast, Ireland
- Rebecca Cuming, aged 35, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Ugoni" from Belfast, Ireland
Contemporary Notables of the name Cuming (post 1700) +
- Thomas B. Cuming (1827-1858), American military officer and politician, the first Secretary of Nebraska Territory and served twice as the territory's Acting Governor
- Thomas B. Cuming (d. 1858), American politician, Secretary of Nebraska Territory, 1854-58; Governor of Nebraska Territory, 1854-55, 1857-58 
- George H. Cuming, American politician, Prohibition Candidate for New York State Assembly from Chenango County, 1915 
- Hugh Cuming (1791-1865), English collector and naturalist, often described as the "Prince of Collectors," eponym of the genus of bivalved shells Cumingia in 1833 
- Frederik George Rees "Fred" Cuming RA (b. 1930), contemporary British landscape painter
- Frederick William Cuming (1875-1942), British gold medalist cricket player at the 1900 Summer Olympics
Related Stories +
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Burke, John Bernard, The Roll of Battle Abbey. London: Edward Churton, 26, Holles Street, 1848, Print.
- ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, October 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020