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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The Anglo-Saxon name Cumberland comes from when the family resided in the county of Cumberland. As a general rule, the greater the distance between individuals and their homeland, the larger the territory they were named after. For example, people who only moved to another parish would be known by the name of their original village, while people who migrated to a different country were often known by the name of a region or country from which they came.

Cumberland Early Origins



The surname Cumberland was first found in Cumberland, a historic county of North West England that existed from the 12th century until 1974. The earliest record of the place was when it was listed as Cumbraland in 945 in the Anglo Saxon Chronicle and literally meant "region of the Cymry or Cumbrian Britons" from the Old English words Cumbre + land. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)

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Cumberland Spelling Variations


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Cumberland Spelling Variations



The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations are common among early Anglo-Saxon names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Cumberland has been recorded under many different variations, including Cumberland, Cumbeland, Cumberlande, Comerland and many more.

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Cumberland Early History


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Cumberland Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cumberland research. Another 113 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1191, 1301, 1524, 1670, 1703, 1631 and 1718 are included under the topic Early Cumberland History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cumberland Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cumberland Early Notables (pre 1700)



Another 24 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cumberland Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Cumberland or a variant listed above:

Cumberland Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Cumberland, who arrived in Virginia in 1705 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cumberland Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Stephen Cumberland, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1816 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Charles Cumberland, who landed in St Clair County, Illinois in 1858 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • William Cumberland who arrived in Philadelphia in 1873

Cumberland Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Robert Cumberland, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1750

Cumberland Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • Josh. Cumberland, aged 19, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1853 aboard the ship "Macedon" [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    South Australian Register Tuesday 11 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MACEDON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/macedon1853.shtml
  • Eliza Cumberland, aged 22, a farm servant, who arrived in South Australia in 1855 aboard the ship "Admiral Boxer"
  • John Cumberland, aged 18, a labourer, who arrived in South Australia in 1856 aboard the ship "Nimroud"

Cumberland Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • William Cumberland, aged 30, a carpenter, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • Fanny Cumberland, aged 24, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • William Cumberland, aged 5, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • Fanny Cumberland, aged 3, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874
  • Clara Cumberland, aged 1, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cartvale" in 1874

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cumberland (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cumberland (post 1700)




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Cumberland Family Crest Products


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Cumberland Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ South Australian Register Tuesday 11 January 1853. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) MACEDON 1853. Retrieved http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/australia/macedon1853.shtml

Other References

  1. Crispin, M. Jackson and Leonce Mary. Falaise Roll Recording Prominent Companions of William Duke of Normandy at the Conquest of England. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  2. Virkus, Frederick A. Ed. Immigrant Ancestors A List of 2,500 Immigrants to America Before 1750. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1964. Print.
  3. Magnusson, Magnus. Chambers Biographical Dictionary 5th edition. Edinburgh: W & R Chambers, 1990. Print.
  4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
  5. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  6. Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds. Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8).
  7. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
  8. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
  9. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
  10. Burke, John Bernard Ed. The Roll of Battle Abbey. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  11. ...

The Cumberland Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cumberland Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 23 March 2016 at 02:10.

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