name Cruxton comes from when the family resided in one of the settlements called Croxton in Cambridgeshire
, or Staffordshire; in Croxton Kerrial or South Croxton in Leicestershire; or in Croxton Green in Cholmondeley, which is in the county of Cheshire
. Thus, the surname Cruxton belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Cruxton family
The surname Cruxton was first found in Cheshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Croxton. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
the Lordship was held by Jocelyn or Godric, a Norman Baron, and, conjecturally, the family surname is descended from this source.
Early History of the Cruxton family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruxton research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Cruxton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cruxton Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations
are common among early Anglo-Saxon
names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Cruxton has been recorded under many different variations, including Croxton, Crockston, Cruxton, Croxon and others.
Early Notables of the Cruxton family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Cruxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cruxton family to Ireland
Some of the Cruxton family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cruxton family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Cruxton or a variant listed above: John Croxton arrived on the Mayflower with his son, John; Randle Croxton settled Pennsylvania in 1682; Thomas and Walter Croxton settled in New Orleans in 1842..