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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Cruikshank, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. They lived at or near the Cruick River in Kincardinshire. The word shank means a point of a hill. Some people mistakenly think the name is a nickname for someone who had crooked shanks or was bowlegged but this was not the case.

Cruikshank Early Origins



The surname Cruikshank was first found in Kincardineshire (Gaelic: A' Mhaoirne), a former county on the northeast coast of the Grampian region of Scotland, and part of the Aberdeenshire Council Area since 1996, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

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Cruikshank Spelling Variations


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Cruikshank Spelling Variations



The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Cruikshank has been spelled Cruickshank, Cruikshank, Crookshank, Crookshanks and many more.

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Cruikshank Early History


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Cruikshank Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruikshank research. Another 229 words (16 lines of text) covering the year 1296 is included under the topic Early Cruikshank History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cruikshank Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cruikshank Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Cruikshank Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Cruikshank:

Cruikshank Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Cruikshank, who landed in New York in 1798 [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cruikshank Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Cruikshank, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1851
  • J. Cruikshank settled in San Francisco, California in 1852

Cruikshank Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J Cruikshank, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cruikshank (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cruikshank (post 1700)



  • Alexander M. Cruikshank (b. 1919), American chemist
  • George Marcus Cruikshank (1857-1936), American educator, newspaper editor and historian
  • Marcus Henderson Cruikshank (1826-1881), Confederate States of America politician
  • Burleigh Cruikshank (1890-1982), American football player
  • Holly Cruikshank (b. 1973), American dancer
  • David Wright "Dave" Cruikshank (b. 1969), four-time U.S. Olympic speedskater
  • Sally Cruikshank (b. 1949), American cartoonist and animator
  • "Lucas Cruikshank (b. 1993), American comedic actor
  • J. C. Cruikshank (b. 1911), American Democrat politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Clay County, 1955-62; Defeated, 1962
  • F. L. Cruikshank, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Idaho, 1952
  • ... (Another 12 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vis fortibus armas
Motto Translation: Strength is arms to the brave.


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Cruikshank Family Crest Products


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Cruikshank Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Other References

  1. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  2. Leeson, Francis L. Dictionary of British Peerages. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1986. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-1121-5).
  3. Adam, Frank. Clans Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands 8th Edition. London: Bacon (G.W.) & Co, 1970. Print. (ISBN 10-0717945006).
  4. Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at Galveston Texas 1896-1951. National Archives Washington DC. Print.
  5. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
  6. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Scots Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Mordern Application of the Art and Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
  7. Urquhart, Blair Edition. Tartans The New Compact Study Guide and Identifier. Secauccus, NJ: Chartwell Books, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0-7858-0050-6).
  8. Fairbairn,. Fairbain's book of Crests of the Families of Great Britain and Ireland, 4th Edition 2 volumes in one. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1968. Print.
  9. Bowman, George Ernest. The Mayflower Reader A Selection of Articales from The Mayflower Descendent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  10. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
  11. ...

The Cruikshank Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cruikshank Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 23 December 2016 at 13:38.

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