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Cruikshank History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



In Scottish history, few names go farther back than Cruikshank, whose ancestors lived among the clans of the Pictish tribe. They lived at or near the Cruick River in Kincardinshire. The word shank means a point of a hill. Some people mistakenly think the name is a nickname for someone who had crooked shanks or was bowlegged but this was not the case. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)


Early Origins of the Cruikshank family


The surname Cruikshank was first found in Kincardineshire (Gaelic: A' Mhaoirne), a former county on the northeast coast of the Grampian region of Scotland, and part of the Aberdeenshire Council Area since 1996, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

"The two counties with which the name is most intimately connected are Kincardine and Aberdeen, and in the former we have the river Cruick rising in the parish of Fearn and joining the North Esk near the Kirk of Stracathro." [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)

Some of the first records of the family include John Crokeshanks, burgess of Haddington, who rendered homage to King Edward I of England in 1296 and Christin Crukschank who is mentioned in foundation charter of the chapel of Urchany in 1334. Later, Cristinus Cru sank was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1408, and John Cru sank was one of the burgesses of Aberdeen selected to accompany the provost to the field of Harlaw in 1411. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)


Early History of the Cruikshank family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruikshank research.
Another 199 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 129 and 1296 are included under the topic Early Cruikshank History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cruikshank Spelling Variations


The arts of spelling and translation were yet in their infancies when surnames began, so there are an enormous number of spelling variations of the names in early Scottish records. This is a particular problem with Scottish names because of the numerous times a name might have been loosely translated to English from Gaelic and back. Cruikshank has been spelled Cruickshank, Cruikshank, Crookshank, Crookshanks and many more.

Early Notables of the Cruikshank family (pre 1700)


More information is included under the topic Early Cruikshank Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cruikshank family to Ireland


Some of the Cruikshank family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 77 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cruikshank family to the New World and Oceana


This oppression forced many Scots to leave their homelands. Most of these chose North America as their destination. Although the journey left many sick and poor, these immigrants were welcomed the hardy with great opportunity. Many of these settlers stood up for their newfound freedom in the American War of Independence. More recently, Scots abroad have recovered much of their collective heritage through highland games and other patriotic functions and groups. An examination of passenger and immigration lists has located various settlers bearing the name Cruikshank:

Cruikshank Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • John Cruikshank, who landed in New York in 1798 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Cruikshank Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Robert Cruikshank, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1851
  • J. Cruikshank settled in San Francisco, California in 1852

Cruikshank Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century

  • J Cruikshank, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841

Contemporary Notables of the name Cruikshank (post 1700)


  • Marcus Henderson Cruikshank (1826-1881), American politician, Mayor of Talladega, Alabama; Representative from Alabama in the Confederate Congress 4th District, 1864-65 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • James Cruikshank, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1884 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • J. P. Cruikshank, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Iowa, 1908 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • J. C. Cruikshank (b. 1911), American Democrat politician, Member of West Virginia State House of Delegates from Clay County, 1955-62; Defeated, 1962 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • F. L. Cruikshank, American Democrat politician, Alternate Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Idaho, 1952 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Alfred B. Cruikshank (b. 1847), American Democrat politician, United Democracy Candidate for Mayor of New York City, New York, 1897 [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
    The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
  • Alexander M. Cruikshank (b. 1919), American chemist
  • George Marcus Cruikshank (1857-1936), American educator, newspaper editor and historian
  • Marcus Henderson Cruikshank (1826-1881), Confederate States of America politician
  • Burleigh Cruikshank (1890-1982), American football player
  • ... (Another 13 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

The Cruikshank Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vis fortibus armas
Motto Translation: Strength is arms to the brave.


Cruikshank Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 2) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html

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