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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2017


The Cruickshanks family name was first used by descendants of the Pictish people of ancient Scotland. It is a name for someone who lived at or near the Cruick River in Kincardinshire. The word shank means a point of a hill. Some people mistakenly think the name is a nickname for someone who had crooked shanks or was bowlegged but this was not the case.

Cruickshanks Early Origins



The surname Cruickshanks was first found in Kincardineshire (Gaelic: A' Mhaoirne), a former county on the northeast coast of the Grampian region of Scotland, and part of the Aberdeenshire Council Area since 1996, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

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Cruickshanks Spelling Variations


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Cruickshanks Spelling Variations



Scribes in the Middle Ages did not have access to a set of spelling rules. They spelled according to sound, the result was a great number of spelling variations. In various documents, Cruickshanks has been spelled Cruickshank, Cruikshank, Crookshank, Crookshanks and many more.

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Cruickshanks Early History


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Cruickshanks Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cruickshanks research. Another 229 words (16 lines of text) covering the year 1296 is included under the topic Early Cruickshanks History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cruickshanks Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cruickshanks Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Cruickshanks Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



The cruelties suffered under the new government forced many to leave their ancient homeland for the freedom of the North American colonies. Those who arrived safely found land, freedom, and opportunity for the taking. These hardy settlers gave their strength and perseverance to the young nations that would become the United States and Canada. Immigration and passenger lists have shown many early immigrants bearing the name Cruickshanks:

Cruickshanks Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Charles Cruickshanks, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1760

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cruickshanks (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cruickshanks (post 1700)



  • John Cruickshanks, Scottish footballer who played in 1946
  • Grahame Lawrence Cruickshanks (1913-1941), Eastern Province and South African cricketer
  • Eveline Cruickshanks, English historian specializing in Jacobitism and Toryism

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Cruickshanks Historic Events


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Cruickshanks Historic Events




Halifax Explosion

  • Master Ralph S. Cruickshanks (1910-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Mrs. Cruickshanks, Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Master Walter B. Cruickshanks (1913-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917
  • Mrs. Estella B. Cruickshanks (1887-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917 but later died due to injuries
  • Master Alton R. Cruickshanks (1916-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the Halifax Explosion on 6th December 1917

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vis fortibus armas
Motto Translation: Strength is arms to the brave.


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Cruickshanks Family Crest Products


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Cruickshanks Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Colletta, John P. They Came In Ships. Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1993. Print.
    2. Paul, Sir James Balfour. An Ordinary of Arms Contained in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland Second Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1903. Print.
    3. Catholic Directory For Scotland. Glasgow: Burns Publications. Print.
    4. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    5. Skordas, Guest. Ed. The Early Settlers of Maryland an Index to Names or Immigrants Complied from Records of Land Patents 1633-1680 in the Hall of Records Annapolis, Maryland. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1968. Print.
    6. Innes, Thomas and Learney. Socts Heraldry A Practical Handbook on the Historical Principles and Modern Application of the Art of Science. London: Oliver and Boyd, 1934. Print.
    7. Barrow, G.W.S Ed. The Charters of David I The Written Acts of David I King of Scots, 1124-53 and of His Son Henry, Earl of Northumerland, 1139-52. Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 1999. Print.
    8. Burke, Sir Bernard. Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage, The Privy Council, Knightage and Compainonage. London: Burke Publishing, 1921. Print.
    9. Moody David. Scottish Family History. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1994. Print. (ISBN 0806312688).
    10. Donaldson, Gordon and Robert S. Morpeth. Who's Who In Scotish History. Wales: Welsh Academic Press, 1996. Print. (ISBN 186057-0054).
    11. ...

    The Cruickshanks Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cruickshanks Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 7 December 2014 at 13:55.

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