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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The ancestors of the Croxton surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture. The name comes from when they lived in one of the settlements called Croxton in Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, or Staffordshire; in Croxton Kerrial or South Croxton in Leicestershire; or in Croxton Green in Cholmondeley, which is in the county of Cheshire. Thus, the surname Croxton belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Croxton Early Origins



The surname Croxton was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Croxton. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book the Lordship was held by Jocelyn or Godric, a Norman Baron, and, conjecturally, the family surname is descended from this source.

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Croxton Spelling Variations


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Croxton Spelling Variations



Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Croxton include Croxton, Crockston, Cruxton, Croxon and others.

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Croxton Early History


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Croxton Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croxton research. Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Croxton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Croxton Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Croxton Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Croxton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Croxton In Ireland


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Croxton In Ireland



Some of the Croxton family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants:

Croxton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • John Croxton, who arrived in Massachusetts in 1620
  • Randall Croxton, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1682
  • Randle Croxton, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1682
  • Randle Croxton settled Pennsylvania in 1682
  • John Croxton, who landed in Virginia in 1695

Croxton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Eliza Croxton, who arrived in Virginia in 1713

Croxton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • John Croxton arrived on the Mayflower with his son, John
  • Thomas and Walter Croxton settled in New Orleans in 1842
  • Thomas Croxton, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1842
  • Walter Croxton, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1844
  • Elijah Croxton, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1844
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Croxton Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Florence Croxton, aged 22, who landed in America from Isle Of Wight, in 1903
  • Miss Helen E Croxton, aged 25, who landed in America, in 1905
  • Miss Katharine Croxton, aged 30, who emigrated to America, in 1905
  • Miss Mabel L Croxton, aged 28, who landed in America, in 1905
  • Mr W Croxton, aged 59, who emigrated to the United States, in 1905
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Croxton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century

  • George Croxton, aged 21, a schoolmaster, arrived in South Australia in 1849 aboard the ship "Marion"
  • George Croxton, aged 21, arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Marion" in 1849

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Contemporary Notables of the name Croxton (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Croxton (post 1700)



  • Thomas Croxton (1822-1903), American politician, U.S. Representative from Virginia (1885-1887)
  • John Thomas Croxton (1836-1874), American attorney, general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, and postbellum American diplomat
  • Thomas Croxton (1822-1903), American Democrat politician, U.S. Representative from Virginia 1st District, 1885-87
  • John Thomas Croxton (1836-1874), American Republican politician, Kentucky Republican State Chair, 1868; U.S. Minister to Bolivia, 1873-74
  • J. H. Croxton, American Democrat politician, Candidate for Governor of Nebraska, 1870
  • Hardy Croxton, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from Arkansas 3rd District, 1968
  • Harry Clement Croxton (1880-1965), English footballer half-back who played 206 times

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Croxton Family Crest Products


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Croxton Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)

Other References

  1. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
  2. Shirley, Evelyn Philip. Noble and Gentle Men of England Or Notes Touching The Arms and Descendants of the Ancient Knightley and Gentle Houses of England Arranged in their Respective Counties 3rd Edition. Westminster: John Bowyer Nichols and Sons, 1866. Print.
  3. Elster, Robert J. International Who's Who. London: Europa/Routledge. Print.
  4. Innes, Thomas and Learney. The Tartans of the Clans and Families of Scotland 1st Edition. Edinburgh: W & A. K. Johnston Limited, 1938. Print.
  5. Marcharn, Frederick George. A Constitutional History of Modern England 1485 to the Present. London: Harper and Brothers, 1960. Print.
  6. Weis, Frederick Lewis, Walter Lee Sheppard and David Faris. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England Between 1623 and 1650 7th Edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0806313676).
  7. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Bullock, L.G. Historical Map of England and Wales. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1971. Print.
  9. Bede, The Venerable. Historia Ecclesiatica Gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History Of the English People). Available through Internet Medieval Sourcebook the Fordham University Centre for Medieval Studies. Print.
  10. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Bolton's American Armory. Baltimore: Heraldic Book Company, 1964. Print.
  11. ...

The Croxton Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Croxton Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 2 November 2015 at 11:12.

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