Croxson is a name of ancient Anglo-Saxon
origin and comes from the family once having lived in one of the settlements called Croxton in Cambridgeshire
, or Staffordshire; in Croxton Kerrial or South Croxton in Leicestershire; or in Croxton Green in Cholmondeley, which is in the county of Cheshire
. Thus, the surname Croxson belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Croxson family
The surname Croxson was first found in Cheshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Croxton. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
the Lordship was held by Jocelyn or Godric, a Norman Baron, and, conjecturally, the family surname is descended from this source.
Early History of the Croxson family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croxson research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Croxson History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Croxson Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations
were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Croxson family name include Croxton, Crockston, Cruxton, Croxon and others.
Early Notables of the Croxson family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Croxson Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croxson family to Ireland
Some of the Croxson family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croxson family to the New World and Oceana
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland
, Canada, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Croxson surname or a spelling variation of the name include: John Croxton arrived on the Mayflower with his son, John; Randle Croxton settled Pennsylvania in 1682; Thomas and Walter Croxton settled in New Orleans in 1842..