Croxon History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The ancestry of the name Croxon dates from the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It comes from when the family lived in one of the settlements called Croxton in Cambridgeshire, Cheshire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, or Staffordshire; in Croxton Kerrial or South Croxton in Leicestershire; or in Croxton Green in Cholmondeley, which is in the county of Cheshire. Thus, the surname Croxon belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.

Early Origins of the Croxon family

The surname Croxon was first found in Cheshire where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Croxton. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1] indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book the Lordship was held by Jocelyn or Godric, a Norman Baron, and, conjecturally, the family surname is descended from this source.

Important Dates for the Croxon family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croxon research. Another 78 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Croxon History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Croxon Spelling Variations

Spelling variations in names were a common occurrence before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago. In the Middle Ages, even the literate spelled their names differently as the English language incorporated elements of French, Latin, and other European languages. Many variations of the name Croxon have been found, including Croxton, Crockston, Cruxton, Croxon and others.

Early Notables of the Croxon family (pre 1700)

More information is included under the topic Early Croxon Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Croxon family to Ireland

Some of the Croxon family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. More information about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Croxon migration to the United States

Families began migrating abroad in enormous numbers because of the political and religious discontent in England. Often faced with persecution and starvation in England, the possibilities of the New World attracted many English people. Although the ocean trips took many lives, those who did get to North America were instrumental in building the necessary groundwork for what would become for new powerful nations. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America bore the name Croxon, or a variant listed above:

Croxon Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Alice Croxon, who landed in Virginia in 1636 [2]
  • Fm Croxon, who landed in Virginia in 1637 [2]
  • Eliza Croxon, who landed in Virginia in 1699 [2]
Croxon Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mary Croxon, who arrived in Virginia in 1701-1702 [2]


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
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