The name Croxen is of Anglo-Saxon
origin and came from when the family lived in one of the settlements called Croxton in Cambridgeshire
, or Staffordshire; in Croxton Kerrial or South Croxton in Leicestershire; or in Croxton Green in Cholmondeley, which is in the county of Cheshire
. Thus, the surname Croxen belongs to the large category of Anglo-Saxon habitation
names, which are derived from pre-existing names for towns, villages, parishes, or farmsteads.
Early Origins of the Croxen family
The surname Croxen was first found in Cheshire
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor of Croxton. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book
the Lordship was held by Jocelyn or Godric, a Norman Baron, and, conjecturally, the family surname is descended from this source.
Early History of the Croxen family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Croxen research.Another 155 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 169 and 1696 are included under the topic Early Croxen History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Croxen Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon
surnames like Croxen are characterized by many spelling variations
. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. The variations of the name Croxen include: Croxton, Crockston, Cruxton, Croxon and others.
Early Notables of the Croxen family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Croxen Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croxen family to Ireland
Some of the Croxen family moved to Ireland
, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Croxen family to the New World and Oceana
Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Croxen or a variant listed above: John Croxton arrived on the Mayflower with his son, John; Randle Croxton settled Pennsylvania in 1682; Thomas and Walter Croxton settled in New Orleans in 1842..