Crowhurst History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The name Crowhurst is Anglo-Saxon in origin. It was a name given to a person who played a crowd, a stringed instrument similar to a fiddle or six-string violin. This instrument was known as a crouth or croude in Old English, and is still known as a crwth in Wales and as a cruit in Ireland. People in the West of England still refer to a fiddle as a crowdy-kit.  Professional musicians of this sort made their livings primarily by playing at medieval fairs and wedding feasts. In Scotland "crowdie" means porridge.
Early Origins of the Crowhurst family
The surname Crowhurst was first found in Kent where it is generally understood that the first record of the name was found in the Hundredorum Rolls of 1275 as Richard le Cruder.   A few years later, Hugo le Crouder was listed in Leicestershire in 1278 and Kenwrick le Cruther was listed in the Assize Rolls of Cheshire in 1289.  In Yorkshire, Adam le Crouther was listed in 1296 and Katerina Crowder and Thomas Crouder were listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379. 
Early History of the Crowhurst family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crowhurst research. Another 104 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1830, 1874, 1642 and 1646 are included under the topic Early Crowhurst History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowhurst Spelling Variations
Until the dictionary, an invention of only the last few hundred years, the English language lacked any comprehensive system of spelling rules. Consequently, spelling variations in names are frequently found in early Anglo-Saxon and later Anglo-Norman documents. One person's name was often spelled several different ways over a lifetime. The recorded variations of Crowhurst include Crowder, Crowther, Crouder, Crowdder, Crodare, Crowdair, Crowdere, Crowthers, Crouder, Croader, Croather, Crother, Crawther, Craudder, Crauther, Crauder, Craudair, Crothair, Crowthair, Crowthare, Croder, Crouter, Crowter and many more.
Early Notables of the Crowhurst family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Crowhurst Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Crowhurst family to Ireland
Some of the Crowhurst family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 33 words (2 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crowhurst migration to the United States +
Thousands of English families boarded ships sailing to the New World in the hope of escaping the unrest found in England at this time. Although the search for opportunity and freedom from persecution abroad took the lives of many because of the cramped conditions and unsanitary nature of the vessels, the opportunity perceived in the growing colonies of North America beckoned. Many of the settlers who survived the journey went on to make important contributions to the transplanted cultures of their adopted countries. The Crowhurst were among these contributors, for they have been located in early North American records:
Crowhurst Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
- John Crowhurst, who arrived in America in 1764 
Crowhurst migration to Australia +
Emigration to Australia
followed the First Fleets
of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:
Crowhurst Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- Henry Crowhurst, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Buckinghamshire" in 1839 
- Susan Crowhurst, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Buckinghamshire" in 1839 
- Frederick Crowhurst, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Buckinghamshire" in 1839 
- Lucy Crowhurst, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Buckinghamshire" in 1839 
- James Crowhurst, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Crowhurst migration to New Zealand +
Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:
Crowhurst Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
- Mr. George Crowhurst, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 
- Mrs. Crowhurst, British settler travelling from London with 2 daughters aboard the ship "Nourmahal" arriving in Dunedin, Otaga, South Island, New Zealand on 5th May 1858 
Contemporary Notables of the name Crowhurst (post 1700) +
- Cyril Crowhurst, American Academy Award nominated sound engineer for his work on the film Trio (1950)
- William Crowhurst (1849-1915), English cricketer
- Donald Crowhurst (1932-1969), British businessman and amateur sailor who died while competing in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, inspiration for numerous films and novels
Related Stories +
- ^ Lowe, Mark Anthony, Patronymica Britannica, A Dictionary of Family Names of the United Kingdom. London: John Russel Smith, 1860. Print.
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) BUCKINGHAMSHIRE 1839. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1839Buckinghamshire.htm
- ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE - 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Constance.htm
- ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html