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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


An ancient Pictish-Scottish family was the first to use the name Crookshank. It is a name for someone who lived at or near the Cruick River in Kincardinshire. The word shank means a point of a hill. Some people mistakenly think the name is a nickname for someone who had crooked shanks or was bowlegged but this was not the case.

Crookshank Early Origins



The surname Crookshank was first found in Kincardineshire (Gaelic: A' Mhaoirne), a former county on the northeast coast of the Grampian region of Scotland, and part of the Aberdeenshire Council Area since 1996, where they held a family seat from very ancient times.

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Crookshank Spelling Variations


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Crookshank Spelling Variations



During the Middle Ages, there was no basic set of rules and scribes wrote according to sound. The correct spelling of Scottish names were further compromised after many haphazard translations from Gaelic to English and back. Spelling variations of the name Crookshank include Cruickshank, Cruikshank, Crookshank, Crookshanks and many more.

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Crookshank Early History


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Crookshank Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crookshank research. Another 229 words (16 lines of text) covering the year 1296 is included under the topic Early Crookshank History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Crookshank Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Crookshank Early Notables (pre 1700)



More information is included under the topic Early Crookshank Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Scots left their country by the thousands to travel to Australia and North Ameri ca. Desperate for freedom and an opportunity to fend for themselves, many paid huge fees and suffered under terrible conditions on long voyages. Still, for those who made the trip, freedom and opportunity awaited. In North America, many fought their old English oppressors in the American War of Independence. In recent years, Scottish heritage has been an increasingly important topic, as Clan societies and other organizations have renewed people's interest in their history. An examination of passenger and immigration lists shows many early settlers bearing the name of Crookshank:

Crookshank Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Elizabeth Crookshank, who landed in Maryland in 1664
  • Alexander Crookshank settled in Barbados in 1678

Crookshank Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • William Crookshank settled in New York State in 1719
  • Robert Crookshank settled in Georgia in 1735
  • James Crookshank settled in New York State in 1788
  • David Crookshank settled in Wilmington Del. in 1789
  • John Crookshank, who arrived in New York in 1798

Crookshank Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Alexander Crookshank, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1844

Crookshank Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Frank Crookshank, aged 23, who landed in America from Halifax, in 1907
  • Margaret Crookshank, aged 50, who settled in America from Birkenhead, England, in 1913
  • Emma W. Crookshank, aged 50, who settled in America from London, England, in 1919
  • William Crookshank, aged 23, who emigrated to the United States from Glasgow, Scotland, in 1923
  • Harry F. C. Crookshank, aged 31, who emigrated to the United States from London, England, in 1924
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Crookshank Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century

  • Mr. Joseph Crookshank U.E. who settled in St. Andrews, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783; member of the Penobscot Association [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Crookshank Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century

  • Robert Crookshank, aged 50, a seaman, arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the barque "Charlotte Lungan" from Liverpool, England

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Contemporary Notables of the name Crookshank (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Crookshank (post 1700)



  • Francis Graham Crookshank (1873-1933), British epidemiologist, medical and psychological writer
  • Lieutenant Colonel Chichester de Windt Crookshank (1868-1958), Unionist Member of Parliament
  • Edgar March Crookshank (1858-1928), English physician and microbiologist
  • Harry Frederick Comfort Crookshank CH, PC (1893-1961), 1st Viscount Crookshank, British Conservative politician, Minister of Health (1951 to 1952), Leader of the House of Commons

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Vis fortibus armas
Motto Translation: Strength is arms to the brave.


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Crookshank Family Crest Products


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Crookshank Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



  1. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X

Other References

  1. Scarlett, James D. Tartan The Highland Textile. London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1990. Print. (ISBN 0-85683-120-4).
  2. Browne, James. The History of Scotland it's Highlands, Regiments and Clans 8 Volumes. Edinburgh: Francis A Niccolls & Co, 1909. Print.
  3. Prebble, John. The Highland Clearances. London: Secker & Warburg, 1963. Print.
  4. Moncrieffe, Sir Ian of That Ilk and Don Pottinger. Clan Map Scotland of Old. Edinburgh: Bartholomew and Son, 1983. Print.
  5. Bolton, Charles Knowles. Scotch Irish Pioneers In Ulster and America. Montana: Kessinger Publishing. Print.
  6. Bradford, William. History of Plymouth Plantation 1620-1647 Edited by Samuel Eliot Morrison 2 Volumes. New York: Russell and Russell, 1968. Print.
  7. Browning, Charles H. Americans of Royal Descent. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
  8. Hanks, Patricia and Flavia Hodges. A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Print. (ISBN 0-19-211592-8).
  9. Papworth, J.W and A.W Morant. Ordinary of British Armorials. London: T.Richards, 1874. Print.
  10. Robb H. Amanda and Andrew Chesler. Encyclopedia of American Family Names. New York: Haper Collins, 1995. Print. (ISBN 0-06-270075-8).
  11. ...

The Crookshank Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Crookshank Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

This page was last modified on 18 February 2015 at 13:15.

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