Crompton History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

In ancient Anglo-Saxon England, the ancestors of the Crompton surname lived in Crompton, a township in the county of Lancashire. This place-name is derived from the Old English word Crometun, when translated means those who lived by a well or spring. [1] Another source notes that the place name literally means "homestead in the bend of a river." [2]

Early Origins of the Crompton family

The surname Crompton was first found in Lancashire at Crompton, a township, in the borough, parochial chapelry, and union of Oldham, parish of Prestwichcum-Oldham, hundred of Salford. [2]

"The ancient mansion of Crompton Hall, having fallen into decay, has lately been rebuilt by the owner, Henry Travis Milne, Esq., a descendant of the feudal family of Crompton." [3]

Early History of the Crompton family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crompton research. Another 150 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1587, 1554, 1612, 1573, 1599, 1599, 1642, 1633, 1696, 1663, 1657, 1611 and 1669 are included under the topic Early Crompton History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Crompton Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, early Anglo-Saxon surnames like Crompton are characterized by many spelling variations. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages, even literate people changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Crompton include: Crompton, Cromptone, Crompten and others.

Early Notables of the Crompton family (pre 1700)

Distinguished members of the family include Richard Crompton ( fl. 1573-1599), English lawyer, of a family settled at Bedford Grange in the parish of Leigh, Lancashire, and was educated at Brasenose College, Oxford. [4] William Crompton (1599?-1642), was an English Puritan divine, a younger son of Richard Crompton, counsellor-at-law. [4] William Crompton (1633-1696), was a nonconformist divine, eldest son of William Crompton, incumbent of St. Mary Magdalene, Launceston, Cornwall, was born at Little Kimble, Buckinghamshire...
Another 71 words (5 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Crompton Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Crompton migration to the United States +

Many English families tired of political and religious strife left Britain for the new colonies in North America. Although the trip itself offered no relief - conditions on the ships were extremely cramped, and many travelers arrived diseased, starving, and destitute - these immigrants believed the opportunities that awaited them were worth the risks. Once in the colonies, many of the families did indeed prosper and, in turn, made significant contributions to the culture and economies of the growing colonies. An inquiry into the early roots of North American families has revealed a number of immigrants bearing the name Crompton or a variant listed above:

Crompton Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Thomas Crompton, who arrived in Virginia in 1622-1623 [5]
  • Henry Crompton, who landed in Virginia in 1650 [5]
  • Henry Crompton, who settled in Virginia in 1660
  • Margaret Crompton, who settled in Barbados in 1663
  • Arth Crompton, who arrived in Virginia in 1663 [5]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Crompton Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Elizabeth Crompton who settled in Maryland in 1775
Crompton Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • James Crompton, aged 20, who arrived in New York in 1864 [5]
  • Robert Crompton, who landed in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1872 [5]

Canada Crompton migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Crompton Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Jane Crompton, aged 20, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Edward Reid" in 1833

Australia Crompton migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Crompton Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Josiah Crompton, British Convict who was convicted in Lancaster, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Asia" on 20th July 1837, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [6]
  • Mr. James Crompton, English convict who was convicted in Salford, Manchester, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Barossa" on 27th August 1841, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [7]
  • Mary Crompton, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Amity Hall" in 1850 [8]

New Zealand Crompton migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Crompton Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Crompton, British settler travelling from Plymouth aboard the ship "Lord William Bentinck" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 11th December 1851 [9]
  • Mrs. Crompton, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Hamilla Mitchell" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 30th November 1853 [9]
  • Miss Crompton, British settler travelling from London with her sister aboard the ship "Hamilla Mitchell" arriving in Auckland, New Zealand on 30th November 1853 [9]
  • David Crompton, aged 18, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Seringapatam" in 1856
  • William Crompton, aged 27, a mechanic, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "India" in 1875
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Crompton (post 1700) +

  • Sir Charles John Crompton (1797-1865), English Justice of the Queen's Bench, born at Derby on 12 June 1797, the third son of Dr. Peter Crompton, whose father was a banker there [10]
  • Samuel Crompton (1753-1827), English inventor of the spinning mule, a machine that revolutionised the spinning industry
  • Wilfred Crompton (1908-1971), English professional footballer from Blackburn, England
  • Darren Crompton (b. 1972), English professional rugby union player for Bristol Rugby
  • Andrew "Andy" Crompton, English footballer from Stretford, England
  • John "Jack" Crompton (1921-2013), English footballer and football manager
  • Robert "Bob" Crompton (1879-1941), English professional footballer
  • Richmal Crompton (1890-1969), English writer
  • Rookes Evelyn Bell Crompton FRS (1845-1940), British electrical engineer, industrialist and inventor, founder of Crompton & Co., one of the world's first large-scale manufactures of electrical equipment
  • William Vernon "Bill" Crawford- Crompton CB, CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar (1915-1988), New Zealand pilot and air ace of the Second World War and after the war, he went on to serve as a senior commander in the Royal Air Force

HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. Peers Crompton, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [11]
RMS Lusitania
  • Master Stephen Hugh Crompton, English 1st Class Passenger returning from Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [12]
  • Mrs. Gladys Mary Crompton, English 1st Class Passenger returning from Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Miss Catherine Mary Crompton, English 1st Class Passenger returning from Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Miss Alberta Crompton, English 1st Class Passenger returning from Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Master Peter Romilly Crompton, English 1st Class Passenger returning from Philadephia, Pennsylvania, USA going to Liverpool, England, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [12]
  • ... (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)


  1. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  2. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York, Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Smith, George (ed), Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co., 1885-1900. Print
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th February 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/asia/1837
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 24th September 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/barossa
  8. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) AMITY HALL 1850. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1850AmityHall.gif
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020
  11. ^ HMS Prince of Wales Crew members. (Retrieved 2014, April 9) . Retrieved from http://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listprincecrew.html
  12. ^ Lusitania Passenger List - The Lusitania Resource. (Retrieved 2014, March 6) . Retrieved from http://www.rmslusitania.info/lusitania-passenger-list/


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