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Cromer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



Cromer is a name that was carried to England in the great wave of migration from Normandy following the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Cromer family lived in Kent, where they were Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court.

Early Origins of the Cromer family


The surname Cromer was first found in Kent where they held a family seat as Lords of the manor of Tunstall Court. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book, [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Tunstall was held at the taking of the Domesday Book by Hugh de Port from Bishop Odo of Bayeux as an under tenant. Conjecturally, the surname Cromer is descended from this source.

Early History of the Cromer family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cromer research.
Another 263 words (19 lines of text) covering the years 1471, 1509, 1603, 1543, 1532 and 1534 are included under the topic Early Cromer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cromer Spelling Variations


Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred years ago, spelling variations of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, Norman French and other languages became incorporated into English throughout the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Cromer include Cromer, Crowmer, Croamer, Croemer, Croomer, Cromar, Cromere and many more.

Early Notables of the Cromer family (pre 1700)


Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cromer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cromer family to the New World and Oceana


In England at this time, the uncertainty of the political and religious environment of the time caused many families to board ships for distant British colonies in the hopes of finding land and opportunity, and escaping persecution. The voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, though, and many arrived in North America sick, starved, and destitute. Those who did make it, however, were greeted with greater opportunities and freedoms that they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make important contributions to the young nations in which they settled. Early immigration records have shown some of the first Cromers to arrive on North American shores:

Cromer Settlers in United States in the 18th Century

  • Dennise Cromer, who landed in Virginia in 1705 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Dennise Cromer, who settled in Virginia in 1705
  • Frederick Cromer, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1737 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Fredrk Cromer, aged 21, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1737 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • Friedrich Cromer, who arrived in America in 1738 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Cromer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century

  • Catherine Cromer, aged 12, who arrived in New York, NY in 1850 [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
    Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

Contemporary Notables of the name Cromer (post 1700)


  • Kayla Cromer, American actress, known for her work on The Right Eye (2015), Sex Sent Me to the Slammer (2015) and South of Hell (2015)
  • Ronnie W. Cromer (b. 1947), American politician, Republican member of the South Carolina Senate (2003-)
  • George Gregory "Greg" Cromer (b. 1958), American politician, Louisiana State Representative from District 90 (2009-)
  • Gregory M. Cromer Jr. (b. 1971), American actor, known for Bad Words (2013), Spiders II: Breeding Ground (2001) and Are You Here (2013)
  • D. T. Cromer (b. 1971), former American Major League Baseball player for the Cincinnati Reds (2000-2001)
  • George Washington Cromer (1856-1936), American politician, U.S. Representative from Indiana (1899-1907)
  • Roy Bunyan "Tripp" Cromer (b. 1967), American Major League Baseball utility player
  • David Cromer, American theatre director and stage actor
  • Evelyn Baring Cromer (1841-1917), English colonial administrator

Suggested Readings for the name Cromer


  • Our Fathers Before Us: A Family Journal by Jan Sparkman.

Cromer Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)

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