Criswell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
- Origins Available:
Early Origins of the Criswell family
The surname Criswell was first found in Renfrewshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Rinn Friù), a historic county of Scotland, today encompassing the Council Areas of Renfrew, East Renfrewshire, and Iverclyde, in the Strathclyde region of southwestern Scotland where they were recorded as a family of great antiquity seated at Carswell in the parish of Neilston in that shire, and later branched to Carnswell in the barony of Carnwath in Lanarkshire, and to Carswell in the barony of Hassendean in Roxburghshire.
"A family of Carsewells, who derived their name from Carsewell in the parish of Neilston, are said to have been settled in Renfrewshire for centuries, but they seldom appear in the public records. There is also a Carswell (in 15. cent., Creswell or Carswell) in the barony of Carnwath, Lanarkshire and there was a tenement of the same name in the barony of Hassendean, Roxburghshire. "
Alexander de Cressewell witnessed a charter by Roland of Galloway, son of Vchtred, c. 1200 and William Cresswell was Chancellor of Moray between 1281-1298. 
King Edward I's short lived invasion of Scotland was a difficult time for many including this family as Robert de Cressewelle was one of the Scots prisoners of war taken at Dunbar Castle in 1296. Symon de Cresseville of the county of Roxburgh, and David de Cressewelle of Lanarkshire rendered homage (to King Edward I) in 1296. 
Further to the south in England, the Hundreorum Rolls of 1723 list Richared de Carswall; (Dominus) de Carswill; and William de Karswill as all holding lands in Devon at that time. 
The Cresswell variant hails from Cresswell, Northumberland and there the name literally meant Cress-Spring dervived from the Old English caerse, cress + wiell (a, a spring: cp. Old English wiellcaerse, watercress) 
"The district comprises the townships of Cresswell and Ellington, the former of which was a possession of the Cresswell family previous to the reign of King John: the surface is generally level; and there is a good freestone-quarry. The old tower and mansionhouse of the Cresswells front the sea, and have in view the fine beach and sands of Druridge bay; the tower is 21½ feet long, and 16½ feet wide, within, and consists of a strong room vaulted with stone, on the groundfloor, and two rooms above, approached by a circular stone staircase. The new mansion, Cresswell Hall, the seat of A. J. Baker Cresswell, Esq., is a magnificent structure, erected in 1822." 
Important Dates for the Criswell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Criswell research. Another 60 words (4 lines of text) covering the years 1296, 1373, 1603, 1560, 1572, 1688, 1743, 1710, 1713, 1713, 1715, 1654, 1712, 1709, 1557 and 1623 are included under the topic Early Criswell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Criswell Spelling Variations
Spelling and translation were hardly exact sciences in Medieval Scotland. Sound, rather than any set of rules, was the basis for spellings, so one name was often spelled different ways even within a single document. Spelling variations are thus an extremely common occurrence in Medieval Scottish names. Criswell has been spelled Carswell, Cresswell, Carsewell, Cressville, Carswele, Kersewell, Cressewell, Chriswell and many more.
Early Notables of the Criswell family (pre 1700)
Notable amongst the family at this time was John Carsewell ( fl. 1560-1572), Scottish Bishop of the Isles, was in his earlier years chaplain to the Earl of Argyll and rector of Kilmartin.
Richard Cresswell (1688-1743), was an English politician; Member of...
Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Criswell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Criswell migration to the United States
Such hard times forced many to leave their homeland in search of opportunity across the Atlantic. Many of these families settled along the east coast of North America in communities that would become the backbones of the young nations of the United States and Canada. The ancestors of many of these families have rediscovered their roots in the 20th century through the establishment of Clan societies and other patriotic Scottish organizations. Among them:
Typical Criswell Emigration from the United Kingdom to North America
Criswell Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
- Fra Criswell, who landed in Virginia in 1699 
Criswell Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Robert Criswell, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1813 
- John Criswell, who arrived in America in 1817 
- James Criswell, who arrived in Allegany (Allegheny) County, Pennsylvania in 1845 
- C Criswell, who landed in San Francisco, California in 1851 
Contemporary Notables of the name Criswell (post 1700)
- W. A. Criswell (1909-2002), American pastor, author, and a two-term elected president of the Southern Baptist Convention
- William Criswell (b. 1953), American painter and sculptor
- Jeffrey L. "Jeff" Criswell (b. 1964), former American NFL football offensive lineman
- Millie Criswell (b. 1948), American best-selling author of romance novels
- Kim Criswell (b. 1957), American musical entertainer and actress
- David R. Criswell Ph.D,, Director of the Institute for Space Systems Operations at the University of Houston
- Vance Criswell McCormick, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1912; Candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania, 1914 
Historic Events for the Criswell family
- Mr. Wilfred John Criswell, American Seaman First Class from Indiana, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking 
You May Also Like
- ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Harrison, Henry, Surnames of the United Kingdom: A Concise Etymological Dictionary Baltimore: Geneological Publishing Company, 2013. Print
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
- ^ The Political Graveyard: Alphabetical Name Index. (Retrieved 2015, November 16) . Retrieved from http://politicalgraveyard.com/alpha/index.html
- ^ Pearl Harbour: USS Arizona Casualties List Pearl Harbour December 7, 1941. (Retrieved 2018, July 31st). Retrieved from http://pearl-harbor.com/arizona/casualtylist.html