Cravyn History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Cravyn is an old Anglo-Saxon name. It comes from when a family lived at Craven, a district in North Yorkshire which traces back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was listed as Crave. [1] Craven is thought to come from an old Brythonic word, a precursor of the Welsh word "craf" or "garlic." [2]

Early Origins of the Cravyn family

The surname Cravyn was first found in North Yorkshire (West Riding) at Craven where "the surname has for centuries been very strongly represented. " [3]

One of the first records of the name was found here, specifically John de Crauene who was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1166. [4] The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed the following: Agnes de Craven; Johannes de Crauen; and Roger de Craven. Robert de Craven was rector of Bolton-juxta-Bowland in 1304. [3]

Some of the family were also found at Great Washbourn in Gloucestershire. "It comprises 650 acres, the whole, with the exception of about 100 acres, the property of the Craven family." [5]

And another branch was found at Winwick in Northamptonshire. "The church is in the early English style, with a tower, and contains some handsome monuments of the Craven family. Some remains of an old mansion in the parish have been converted into a farmhouse." [5]

The Irish McRaven variant is actually an Anglicization of the Irish name Mac Crabhain and was found chiefly in Louth- Monaghan. [6]

Important Dates for the Cravyn family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cravyn research. Another 158 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1332, 1664, 1608, 1697, 1610, 1770, 1825, 1585, 1618, 1610, 1618, 1608, 1697, 1668, 1711, 1702 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Cravyn History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cravyn Spelling Variations

Before the last few hundred years, the English language had no fast system of spelling rules. For that reason, spelling variations are commonly found in early Anglo-Saxon surnames. Over the years, many variations of the name Cravyn were recorded, including Craven, Cravene, Cravin, Cravine, Craevin and many more.

Early Notables of the Cravyn family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir William Craven (c. 1585-1618), an English merchant, Lord Mayor of London in 1610 (perhaps 1618); some people believe that the story of Dick Whittington is based on Craven's career, and he is...
Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cravyn Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cravyn family to Ireland

Some of the Cravyn family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 58 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cravyn family

To escape oppression and starvation at that time, many English families left for the "open frontiers" of the New World with all its perceived opportunities. In droves people migrated to the many British colonies, those in North America in particular, paying high rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Although many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, those who did see the shores of North America perceived great opportunities before them. Many of the families that came from England went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Research into various historical records revealed some of first members of the Cravyn family emigrate to North America: Richard Craven who settled in Virginia in the year 1626; Susan Craven who settled in the same Colony in the year 1655; and Thomas, aged 17; who settled in the year 1655. Many of the name also landed at Philadelphia in the year 1805..

Citations

  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, More Irish Families. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0)
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