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Cravens History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms



The ancestors of the name Cravens date back to the days of the Anglo-Saxon tribes of Britain. The name is derived from their residence at Craven, a district in North Yorkshire which traces back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was listed as Crave. [1]CITATION[CLOSE]
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
Craven is thought to come from an old Brythonic word, a precursor of the Welsh word "craf" or "garlic." [2]CITATION[CLOSE]
Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)


Early Origins of the Cravens family


The surname Cravens was first found in North Yorkshire (West Riding) at Craven where "the surname has for centuries been very strongly represented. " [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
One of the first records of the name was found here, specifically John de Crauene who was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1166. [4]CITATION[CLOSE]
Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed the following: Agnes de Craven; Johannes de Crauen; and Roger de Craven. Robert de Craven was rector of Bolton-juxta-Bowland in 1304. [3]CITATION[CLOSE]
Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
Some of the family were also found at Great Washbourn in Gloucestershire. "It comprises 650 acres, the whole, with the exception of about 100 acres, the property of the Craven family." [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
And another branch was found at Winwick in Northamptonshire. "The church is in the early English style, with a tower, and contains some handsome monuments of the Craven family. Some remains of an old mansion in the parish have been converted into a farmhouse." [5]CITATION[CLOSE]
Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.

Early History of the Cravens family


This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cravens research.
Another 315 words (22 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1332, 1664, 1608, 1697, 1610, 1770, 1825, 1585, 1618, 1610, 1618, 1608, 1697, 1668, 1711, 1702 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Cravens History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Cravens Spelling Variations


Cravens has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Many variations of the name Cravens have been found, including Craven, Cravene, Cravin, Cravine, Craevin and many more.

Early Notables of the Cravens family (pre 1700)


Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir William Craven (c. 1585-1618), an English merchant, Lord Mayor of London in 1610 (perhaps 1618); some people believe that the story of Dick Whittington is based on Craven's career, and he is...
Another 40 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cravens Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cravens family to Ireland


Some of the Cravens family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 45 words (3 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Cravens family to the New World and Oceana


In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Cravenss to arrive on North American shores:

Cravens Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • William T. Cravens, aged 19, who arrived in New York in 1920 aboard the ship "Maracaibo" from New York [6]CITATION[CLOSE]
    "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6H5-Y3F : 6 December 2014), William T. Cravens, 13 Mar 1920; citing departure port New York, arrival port New York, ship name Maracaibo, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Augusta Cravens, aged 45, who arrived in New York in 1921 aboard the ship "Empress of India" from Southampton via Cherbourg [7]CITATION[CLOSE]
    "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-WP8 : 6 December 2014), Augusta Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton via Cherbourg, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • Malcolm Cravens, aged 13, who arrived in New York in 1921 aboard the ship "Empress of India" from Southampton via Cherbourg [8]CITATION[CLOSE]
    "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-WPD : 6 December 2014), Malcolm Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton via Cherbourg, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  • James R. Cravens, aged 18, who arrived in New York in 1921 aboard the ship "Empress of India" from Southampton, England [9]CITATION[CLOSE]
    "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-4MN : 6 December 2014), James R. Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton, England, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

Contemporary Notables of the name Cravens (post 1700)


  • William Fadjo Cravens (1899-1974), American Democrat politician, Served in the U.S. Navy during World War I; Lawyer; U.S. Representative from Arkansas 4th District, 1939-49; Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Arkansas, 1940
  • William Ben Cravens (1872-1939), American Democrat politician, Cotton grower; U.S. Representative from Arkansas 4th District, 1907-13, 1933-39; Died in office 1939
  • R. P. Cravens, American politician, Mayor of Salina, Kansas, 1892-94
  • R. D. Cravens, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Oklahoma, 1956
  • Oscar Cravens, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1924
  • Michael Cravens, American Republican politician, Alternate Delegate to Republican National Convention from Mississippi, 2008
  • Jordan Edgar Cravens (1830-1914), American Democrat politician, Member of Arkansas State House of Representatives, 1860; Colonel in the Confederate Army during the Civil War; Member of Arkansas State Senate, 1866;
  • Joseph M. Cravens, American Democrat politician, Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Indiana, 1912, 1928 (member, Committee on Permanent Organization), 1932
  • John E. Cravens, American Republican politician, Delegate to Republican National Convention from Indiana, 1860
  • Jesse L. Cravens, American Democrat politician, Postmaster at Carthage, Missouri, 1860-63
  • ... (Another 18 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

The Cravens Motto


The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Virtus in actione consistit
Motto Translation: Virtue consists in action.


Cravens Family Crest Products



See Also



Citations


  1. ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
  2. ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
  3. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  4. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  5. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  6. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6H5-Y3F : 6 December 2014), William T. Cravens, 13 Mar 1920; citing departure port New York, arrival port New York, ship name Maracaibo, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  7. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-WP8 : 6 December 2014), Augusta Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton via Cherbourg, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  8. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-WPD : 6 December 2014), Malcolm Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton via Cherbourg, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  9. ^ "New York Passenger Arrival Lists (Ellis Island), 1892-1924," database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J6N3-4MN : 6 December 2014), James R. Cravens, 29 Sep 1921; citing departure port Southampton, England, arrival port New York, ship name Empress of India, NARA microfilm publication T715 and M237 (Washington D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).

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