Cravan History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The Anglo-Saxon name Cravan comes from the family having resided at Craven, a district in North Yorkshire which traces back to the Domesday Book of 1086 where it was listed as Crave.  Craven is thought to come from an old Brythonic word, a precursor of the Welsh word "craf" or "garlic." 
Early Origins of the Cravan family
The surname Cravan was first found in North Yorkshire (West Riding) at Craven where "the surname has for centuries been very strongly represented. " 
One of the first records of the name was found here, specifically John de Crauene who was listed in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1166.  The Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 listed the following: Agnes de Craven; Johannes de Crauen; and Roger de Craven. Robert de Craven was rector of Bolton-juxta-Bowland in 1304. 
Some of the family were also found at Great Washbourn in Gloucestershire. "It comprises 650 acres, the whole, with the exception of about 100 acres, the property of the Craven family." 
And another branch was found at Winwick in Northamptonshire. "The church is in the early English style, with a tower, and contains some handsome monuments of the Craven family. Some remains of an old mansion in the parish have been converted into a farmhouse." 
The Irish McRaven variant is actually an Anglicization of the Irish name Mac Crabhain and was found chiefly in Louth- Monaghan. 
Early History of the Cravan family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cravan research. Another 158 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1166, 1332, 1664, 1608, 1697, 1610, 1770, 1825, 1585, 1618, 1610, 1618, 1608, 1697, 1623, 1636, 1668, 1711, 1702 and 1711 are included under the topic Early Cravan History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cravan Spelling Variations
Cravan has been spelled many different ways. Before English spelling became standardized over the last few hundred years, spelling variations in names were a common occurrence. As the English language changed in the Middle Ages, absorbing pieces of Latin and French, as well as other languages, the spelling of people's names also changed considerably, even over a single lifetime. Spelling variants included: Craven, Cravene, Cravin, Cravine, Craevin and many more.
Early Notables of the Cravan family (pre 1700)
Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir William Craven (c. 1585-1618), an English merchant, Lord Mayor of London in 1610 (perhaps 1618.) Some people believe that the story of Dick Whittington is based on Craven's career, and he is sometime referred to as "Aptrick's Dick Whittington."
William Craven, 1st Earl of Craven (1608-1697), was an...
Another 56 words (4 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cravan Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Cravan family to Ireland
Some of the Cravan family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 58 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Cravan migration to the United States +
In an attempt to escape the chaos experienced in England, many English families boarded overcrowded and diseased ships sailing for the shores of North America and other British colonies. Those families hardy enough, and lucky enough, to make the passage intact were rewarded with land and a social environment less prone to religious and political persecution. Many of these families became important contributors to the young colonies in which they settled. Early immigration and passenger lists have documented some of the first Cravans to arrive on North American shores:
Cravan Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- William Cravan, who immigrated to New York in 1820
Related Stories +
The Cravan Motto +
The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.
Motto: Virtus in actione consistit
Motto Translation: Virtue consists in action.
- ^ Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
- ^ Mills, A.D., Dictionary of English Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-19-869156-4)
- ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
- ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
- ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
- ^ MacLysaght, Edward, More Irish Families. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-0126-0)