name Craucestre comes from when the family resided in the village of Craster, a fishing village located on the coast of the North Sea, northeast of Alnwick.
Early Origins of the Craucestre family
The surname Craucestre was first found in Northumberland
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor at ancient Craucestre a barony outside Alnwick in that shire. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. The Domesday Book
did not include the county of Northumberland
. King William the Conqueror believed he had laid Northumberland
waste in 1069. We are therefore unable to distinguish the Norman Baron
who held Craucestre, with certainty but we do know that Alnwick was held by Baron
John of Alnwick and may be the ancestor of the Craster surname. John had married Beatrice, daughter of Ivo de Visci and acquired Alnwick.
Early History of the Craucestre family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craucestre research.Another 213 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1242 and 1299 are included under the topic Early Craucestre History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Craucestre Spelling Variations
The English language only became standardized in the last few centuries; therefore, spelling variations
are common among early Anglo-Saxon
names. As the form of the English language changed, even the spelling of literate people's names evolved. Craucestre has been recorded under many different variations, including Craster, Crawcester, Craucestre, Craucester, Crawster and many more.
Early Notables of the Craucestre family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Craucestre Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Craucestre family to the New World and Oceana
For many English families, the political and religious disarray that shrouded England
made the far away New World an attractive prospect. On cramped disease-ridden ships, thousands migrated to those British colonies that would eventually become Canada and the United States. Those hardy settlers that survived the journey often went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations in which they landed. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Craucestre or a variant listed above: William Craster settled in Virginia in 1716.