The ancestors of the Craucester surname lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon
culture. The name comes from when they lived in the village of Craster, a fishing village located on the coast of the North Sea, northeast of Alnwick.
Early Origins of the Craucester family
The surname Craucester was first found in Northumberland
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor at ancient Craucestre a barony outside Alnwick in that shire. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. The Domesday Book
did not include the county of Northumberland
. King William the Conqueror believed he had laid Northumberland
waste in 1069. We are therefore unable to distinguish the Norman Baron
who held Craucestre, with certainty but we do know that Alnwick was held by Baron
John of Alnwick and may be the ancestor of the Craster surname. John had married Beatrice, daughter of Ivo de Visci and acquired Alnwick.
Early History of the Craucester family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craucester research.Another 213 words (15 lines of text) covering the years 1242 and 1299 are included under the topic Early Craucester History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Craucester Spelling Variations
Before English spelling was standardized a few hundred
years ago, spelling variations
of names were a common occurrence. Elements of Latin, French and other languages became incorporated into English through the Middle Ages, and name spellings changed even among the literate. The variations of the surname Craucester include Craster, Crawcester, Craucestre, Craucester, Crawster and many more.
Early Notables of the Craucester family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Craucester Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Craucester family to the New World and Oceana
A great wave of immigration to the New World was the result of the enormous political and religious disarray that struck England
at that time. Families left for the New World in extremely large numbers. The long journey was the end of many immigrants and many more arrived sick and starving. Still, those who made it were rewarded with an opportunity far greater than they had known at home in England
. These emigrant families went on to make significant contributions to these emerging colonies in which they settled. Some of the first North American settlers carried this name or one of its variants: William Craster settled in Virginia in 1716.