Crannifithay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
The ancestors of the Crannifithay family lived among the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. Crannifithay was a habitational name, taken on from a place in Bedfordshire named Cranfield,  derived the from Old English words "cran," or "crane" meaning "open," and "feld," meaning a "field." 
Early Origins of the Crannifithay family
The surname Crannifithay was first found in Bedfordshire (Old English: Bedanfordscir), located in Southeast-central England.   The ancient Latin source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" compiled in the reigns of Henry III - Edward I, listed Philippa de Cranefeld, Oxfordshire.  The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 listed: Alexander de Crannefeld in Huntingdonshire. 
Alternatively the name could have originated in Cranford, a parish, in the union of Kettering, hundred of Huxloe in Northamptonshire. In this case, the source "Testa de Nevill, sive Liber Feodorum" lists John de Cranniford and Ralph de Craneford, as the first on record.  Later the Hundredorum Rolls listed: Geoffrey de Cranford in Devon; John de Cranford in Leicestershire; and Richard de Cranford in Buckinghamshire. 
Early History of the Crannifithay family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Crannifithay research. Another 84 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1675, 1575, 1645, 1621, 1592, 1657, 1621, 1651, 1625, 1674, 1680, 1696, 1682, 1685, 1592, 1657 and 1592 are included under the topic Early Crannifithay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Crannifithay Spelling Variations
Sound was what guided spelling in the essentially pre-literate Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Also, before the advent of the printing press and the first dictionaries, the English language was not standardized. Therefore, spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the Crannifithay family name include Cranfield, Cranefield and others.
Early Notables of the Crannifithay family (pre 1700)
Distinguished members of the family include Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex (1575-1645), English merchant and nobleman, Lord High Treasurer in 1621; James Cranford (c.1592-1657), an English Presbyterian clergyman, active as a licenser of theological publications under the Commonwealth; James Cranfield, 2nd Earl of Middlesex (1621-1651), an English politician; Lionel Cranfield, 3rd Earl of...
Migration of the Crannifithay family
For political, religious, and economic reasons, thousands of English families boarded ships for Ireland, the Canadas, the America colonies, and many of smaller tropical colonies in the hope of finding better lives abroad. Although the passage on the cramped, dank ships caused many to arrive in the New World diseased and starving, those families that survived the trip often went on to make valuable contributions to those new societies to which they arrived. Early immigrants bearing the Crannifithay surname or a spelling variation of the name include : Edward and Anne Cranfield and their three sons, who came to Virginia in 1634; Peter Cranfeild, who came to Virginia in 1638; Francis Cranfield, who came to Barbados in 1657.