The name Craker was brought to England
by the Normans
when they conquered the country in 1066. The ancestors of the Craker family lived in Suffolk
. The family was originally from Crevecoeur, Normandy
, and it is from this location that the name derives.
Early Origins of the Craker family
The surname Craker was first found in Kent
where they held a family seat
as Lords of the Manor. After the Battle of Hastings in 1066, William, Duke of Normandy
, having prevailed over King Harold, granted most of Britain to his many victorious Barons. It was not uncommon to find a Baron
, or a Bishop, with 60 or more Lordships scattered throughout the country. These he gave to his sons, nephews and other junior lines of his family and they became known as under-tenants. They adopted the Norman system of surnames which identified the under-tenant with his holdings so as to distinguish him from the senior stem of the family. After many rebellious wars between his Barons, Duke William, commissioned a census of all England
to determine in 1086, settling once and for all, who held which land. He called the census the Domesday Book
Williams, Dr Ann. And G.H. Martin, Eds., Domesday Book A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 1992. Print. (ISBN 0-141-00523-8)
indicating that those holders registered would hold the land until the end of time. Hence, Hamon, Sire of Crevecoeur was Duke William's historian. He and his brother were at the Battle of Hastings. William appointed Hamon, Sheriff of Kent
. He has two sons, the eldest, Robert FitzHamon became the founder of Tewksbury, and the youngest was Hamon, who was the ancestor of this great baronial family of which we report. One of Hamon's descendents, another Hamon, married Maud d'Avranches, the great Folkstone heiress, in the time of King Richard I of England
. For more extensive reading, "The Falaise Roll" by Crispin and Macary, Genealogical Publishing, Baltimore is recommended.
Early History of the Craker family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craker research.Another 199 words (14 lines of text) covering the years 1158, 1195, 1200, 1212, 1273, and 1284 are included under the topic Early Craker History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Craker Spelling Variations
It is only in the last few hundred
years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Craker are characterized by many spelling variations
. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Craker include Crawcour, Creuequor, Croueqoer, Creuker, Crewquer, Craker, Crigor, Crevequer, Crevequere, Crevcure, Crevequre, Crevecoeur, Creegor, Cregor, Crewker, Crouequoer, Crevequer, Crequer and many more.
Early Notables of the Craker family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Craker Notables in all our PDF Extended History products
and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Craker family to the New World and Oceana
Faced with the chaos present in England
at that time, many English families looked towards the open frontiers of the New World with its opportunities to escape oppression and starvation. People migrated to North America, as well as Australia
in droves, paying exorbitant rates for passages in cramped, unsafe ships. Many of the settlers did not make the long passage alive, but those who did see the shores of North America were welcomed with great opportunity. Many of the families that came from England
went on to make essential contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Some of the first immigrants to cross the Atlantic and come to North America carried the name Craker, or a variant listed above:
Craker Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
- Wm. Craker, who arrived in New York in 1832
- William Craker, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1832
- Levy Craker, who settled in New York in 1832
- Levi Craker, who settled in Pennsylvania in 1832
- Emanuel Craker, who settled in New York in 1832
- ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Craker Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
- George Craker, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "David Malcolm" in 1848 CITATION[CLOSE]
State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) DAVID MALCOLM - EMIGRANT SHIP - 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848DavidMalcolm.htm