Craignell History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms
Early Origins of the Craignell family
The surname Craignell was first found in Stirlingshire, where the name may have been an occupational name for someone who bakes biscuits as "a cracknel is a kind of crisp biscuit." 
However, another source disagrees with this theory stating the name is from a "dweller at 'Craca's Slope' or Corner from the [Anglo-Saxon Craca, genit. Cracan + heal(h] 2 Craca's Hall [Old English heall] Hardly a nickname from the biscuit so called." 
And another source claims the name is from Craigneill, a location name in Edinburgh. 
The name seems to be from northern England too as Elias de Crackenhall was listed in Yorkshire in the Curia Regis Rolls of 1220. A very rare name, the next listing of the family was more than 300 years later in 1524, when Robert Craknell was listed in the Subsidy Rolls for Staffordshire. 
Crakehall is a township, in the parish and union of Bedale, wapentake of Hang-East, in the North Riding of Yorkshire and Elmer with Crakehill is a township, in the parish of Topcliffe, union of Thirsk, wapentake of Birdforth, also in the North Riding of Yorkshire, 
Great and Little Crakehall date back to the Domesday Book when they were listed as Crachele  and literally meant "nook of land frequented by crows or ravens." 
Early History of the Craignell family
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craignell research. Another 97 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1462, 1567 and 1571 are included under the topic Early Craignell History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Craignell Spelling Variations
The many spelling variations in Medieval Scottish names result from the fact that scribes in that era spelled words according to sound. Translation too, was an undeveloped science, and many names were altered into complete obscurity. Over the years Craignell has been spelled Cracknell, Craigingelt, Craigneill, Craignall, Craignell, Cracknall and many more.
Early Notables of the Craignell family (pre 1700)
More information is included under the topic Early Craignell Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.
Migration of the Craignell family
To escape the uncertainties and discrimination faced in Scotland, many decided to head out for North America. Once they arrived, many Scots fought with relish in the American War of Independence; some went north to Canada as United Empire Loyalists. Many ancestors of these Scots have recovered their lost national heritage in the 20th century through Clan organizations and Scottish historical societies. Among the settlers to North America were: William Craknall who arrived in New England in 1670.