Craig History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms 

The Pictish clans of ancient Scotland were the ancestors of first people to use the name Craig. The name was found in Aberdeen (part of the modern Grampian region), and other shires across Scotland. The Craig surname is derived Scottish Gaelic word creag, meaning "a rock" which became the Scottish word "craig." Craig is parish in Forfarshire which was "formerly called Inchbrayock, the 'island of trout,' by which name an island of thirty-four Scotch acres within the parish is still known. Craig was at that time only the designation of one of the chief estates, and it is supposed that, when the place of worship was transferred from the island to the property of Craig on the continental part of the district, the name of Craig, which is naturally derived from the rocky nature of the shore, was extended to the whole of the parish." [1]

Early Origins of the Craig family

The surname Craig was first found in Aberdeenshire (Gaelic: Siorrachd Obar Dheathain), a historic county, and present day Council Area of Aberdeen, located in the Grampian region of northeastern Scotland. This northern Clan was frequently associated with the Gordons, but their first records appeared in Ayrshire and Lanarkshire to the south about 1180. One of the first records of the name was Johannes del Crag who was witness to a charter by William the Lion. Later, Robertus de Crag witnessed a charter by Alexander II. [2]

Important Dates for the Craig family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Craig research. Another 130 words (9 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1296, 1300, 1335, 1440, 1538, 1608, 1620, 1663, 1731 and are included under the topic Early Craig History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Craig Spelling Variations

In the Middle ages, spelling and translation were not yet regulated by any general rules. spelling variations in names were common even among members of one family unit. Craig has appeared Craig, Craigh, Creag, Creagh and others.

Early Notables of the Craig family (pre 1700)

Notable amongst the Clan at this time was Sir Thomas Craig (c. 1538-1608), a Scottish jurist and poet; John Craig M.D. (died 1620), a Scottish physician and astronomer, physician to James VI...
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Craig Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Craig family to Ireland

Some of the Craig family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 80 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Craig migration to the United States

Faced by this persecution and the generally unstable political climate of those days, many Scots chose to leave their homeland for Ireland, Australia, and North America in search of greater opportunity and freedom. The colonies across the Atlantic were the most popular choice, but a passage there was neither cheap nor easily suffered. Passengers arrived sick and poor, but those who made it intact often found land and more tolerant societies in which to live. These brave settlers formed the backbone of the burgeoning nations of Canada and the United States. It is only this century that the ancestors of these families have begun to recover their collective identity through the patriotic highland games and Clan societies that have sprung up throughout North America. Research into early immigration and passenger lists revealed many immigrants bearing the name Craig:

Craig Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Magnus Craig, who arrived in Virginia in 1713 [3]
  • Mary McLellan Craig, who arrived in New England in 1729-1730 [3]
  • Hugh Craig, who landed in New England in 1729-1730 [3]
  • George Craig, who landed in America in 1760-1763 [3]
  • Margaret Craig, who landed in South Carolina in 1772 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Craig Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Richard Craig, who landed in America in 1803 [3]
  • William Craig who settled in Charleston with his wife Mary and servants in 1803
  • Margaret Craig, aged 36, who arrived in Baltimore, Maryland in 1803 [3]
  • David Craig, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1805 [3]
  • Samuel Craig, who landed in America in 1805 [3]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Craig migration to Canada

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Craig Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Christopher Craig U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [4]
  • Mr. David Craig, "Craige" U.E. who settled in Chamcook [St Andrews] Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783; he served in the 74th Regiment and is listed as a Loyalist of Passamaquoddy New Brunswick [4]
  • Mr. James Craig U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1783 [4]
  • Mr. James Craig U.E. born in Massachusetts, USA who settled in Parr Town [Saint John], New Brunswick c. 1783 [4]
  • Private John Craig U.E. (b. 1760) born in Scotland who settled in Bonny River [Bonny River-Second Falls], Saint George, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 he enlisted in 1782 served in the 84th Regiment Royal Highland Emigrants 2nd Battalion, married Sarah Smith they had 5 children he died in 1833 [4]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Craig Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Sam Craig, who arrived in Canada in 1816
  • Sarah Craig, aged 55, who arrived in Quebec in 1834
  • William Craig, aged 12, who arrived in Quebec in 1834
  • John Craig, aged 27, a merchant, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the barque "Frederick" from Liverpool, England
  • Ruth Craig, aged 48, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Eleanor Gordon" in 1834
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Craig migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Craig Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • James Plumber and Craig, a glazier, who arrived in New South Wales, Australia sometime between 1825 and 1832
  • Lindsay Craig, who arrived in Holdfast Bay, Australia aboard the ship "John Renwick" in 1837 [5]
  • John Craig, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838 [6]
  • Catherine Craig, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Prince George" in 1838 [6]
  • Mr. Nicholas Craig, (b. 1817), aged 21, Cornish gardener and land surveyor, from Egloshayle, Cornwall, UK travelling aboard the ship "Layton" arriving in New South Wales, Australia on 18th January 1838 [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Craig migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Craig Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Craig, who landed in Auckland, New Zealand in 1840
  • Robert Craig, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1841
  • James Craig, aged 40, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • Agnes Craig, aged 39, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • John Craig, aged 19, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Tyne" in 1841
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Craig (post 1700)

  • Ninalee Craig (1927-2018), also known as Jinx Allen, an American woman known for being the subject of a series of photographs by Ruth Orkin the most notable of which is American Girl in Italy
  • Lawrence Craig -Green, American Democrat politician, Candidate for U.S. Representative from New Hampshire 2nd District, 1986
  • William Craig (1918-2016), German-born, American academic and philosopher who taught at the University of California, Berkeley
  • Yvonne Joyce Craig (1937-2015), American ballet dancer and actress best known for her role as Batgirl from the 1960s TV series Batman and as the Orion slave girl Marta in the Star Trek
  • William Craig (1807-1869), American frontiersman and trapper
  • General Malin Craig (1875-1945), American Chief of Staff US Army (1935-1939) [8]
  • Major-General Louis Aleck Craig (1891-1984), American Inspector-General of the Army (1948-1952) [9]
  • Lieutenant-General Howard Arnold Craig (1897-1977), American Inspector General, Headquarters U.S. Air Force, Washington, D.C. (1949-1952) [10]
  • Brigadier-General Charles Frost Craig (1895-1982), American Chief of Staff 37th Division [11]
  • Harmon Craig (1926-2003), American geochemist awarded the Balzan Prize for Geochemistry in 1998
  • ... (Another 27 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Craig family

Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Michael E Craig (b. 1966), American Private 1st Class from University Park, Illinois, USA who died in the crash [12]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Michael Waller Beaufort Craig, British Lieutenant Commander Gunner Officer aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk; he survived the sinking [13]

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Citations

  1. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  2. ^ Black, George F., The Surnames of Scotland Their Origin, Meaning and History. New York: New York Public Library, 1946. Print. (ISBN 0-87104-172-3)
  3. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  4. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  5. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) JOHN RENWICK 1837. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1837JohnRenwick.htm
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) PRINCE GEORGE 1838. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1838PrinceGeorge-London.htm
  7. ^ Cornwall Online Parish Clerks. (Retrieved 3rd May 2018). Retrieved from http://www.opc-cornwall.org/Resc/pdfs/emigration_bounty_nsw.pdf
  8. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Malin Craig. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Craig/Malin/USA.html
  9. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Louis Craig. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Craig/Louis_Aleck/USA.html
  10. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Howard Craig. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Craig/Howard_Arnold/USA.html
  11. ^ Generals of World War II. (Retrieved 2011, November 23) Charles Craig. Retrieved from http://generals.dk/general/Craig/Charles_Frost/USA.html
  12. ^ American War Memorials - Flight 1285. (Retrieved 2016, August 24) . Retrieved from http://www.uswarmemorials.org/html/monument_details.php?SiteID=317&MemID=550
  13. ^ Force Z Survivors HMS Dorsetshire Crew List, (Retrieved 2018, February 13th), https://www.forcez-survivors.org.uk/biographies/listdorsetshirecrew.html
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