Courtenay History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The name Courtenay was carried to England in the enormous movement of people that followed the Norman Conquest of 1066. The Courtenay family lived in Devon. The name, however, is a reference one of two areas bearing the name Courtenay in Normandy. The names of both of these areas derive from the Gallo-Roman landlord, Curtenus. [1]

Early Origins of the Courtenay family

The surname Courtenay was first found in the Gâtinais province of France, where they held the castle of Courtenay since the 10th century. They claim descent from the Counts of Sens and from Pharamond, reputed founder of the French monarchy in 420. However, historians have only been able to prove the line back to about the year 1020, in the Isles of France where they were descended from the great Emperor Charlemagne. The name was established by this trace only to the year 790.

Regardless of the earliest origin, in the mid-12th century, a branch of the family settled in England, where they obtained the barony of Okehampton and inherited the title of Earls of Devon in 1293. "This illustrious house is descended from Reginald de Courtney, who came over to England with Henry II AD 1151." [2]

Another source notes that Whitchurch in Devon was home to the family. "Walreddon House, here, the property of William Courtenay, Esq., a descendant of the Courtenays, earls of Devon, is an ancient mansion of the time of Edward VI., whose arms in the hall are still in good preservation." [3]

Wooton-Courtney in Somerset was another ancient family seat. "This parish takes the adjunct to its name from the Courtney family, who formerly held the manor." [3]

"The manor of Braddock [Cornwall] was at a very early period in the Courtenay family, in which it continued until the attainder of the Marquis of Exeter. In ancient times, St. Bennet's, when in a state of comparative magnificence, was long the seat of the Courtenay family, by a female branch of whom it was sold in 1710 to Bernard Pennington." [4]

Important Dates for the Courtenay family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Courtenay research. Another 91 words (6 lines of text) covering the years 1125, 1194, 1303, 1377, 1346, 1405, 1377, 1399, 1367, 1378, 1355, 1406, 1556, 1527, 1556, 1415, 1377, 1413, 1413, 1411, 1415, 1415 and are included under the topic Early Courtenay History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Courtenay Spelling Variations

Multitudes of spelling variations are a hallmark of Anglo Norman names. Most of these names evolved in the 11th and 12th century, in the time after the Normans introduced their own Norman French language into a country where Old and Middle English had no spelling rules and the languages of the court were French and Latin. To make matters worse, medieval scribes spelled words according to sound, so names frequently appeared differently in the various documents in which they were recorded. The name was spelled Courtenay, Courtney, Courtnay, Courteney, Courtny and many more.

Early Notables of the Courtenay family (pre 1700)

Outstanding amongst the family at this time was Renaud de Courtenay (1125-1194), English nobleman from Sutton, Berkshire, progenitor of the Devon line; Sir Hugh de Courtenay (1303-1377), the 2nd Earl of Devon; and Sir Peter Courtenay (1346-1405), soldier, knight of the shire, Chamberlain to King Richard II (1377-1399), famous jouster, received the honour of knighthood from the Black Prince after the Battle of Najera in 1367, at the same time as his brother Sir Philip, 1378 on a naval expedition with his brother Sir Philip, the fleet was attacked by Spaniards off the coast of Brittany and Sir Peter and his...
Another 240 words (17 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Courtenay Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Courtenay family to Ireland

Some of the Courtenay family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 57 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Courtenay migration to the United States

Because of this political and religious unrest within English society, many people decided to immigrate to the colonies. Families left for Ireland, North America, and Australia in enormous numbers, traveling at high cost in extremely inhospitable conditions. The New World in particular was a desirable destination, but the long voyage caused many to arrive sick and starving. Those who made it, though, were welcomed by opportunities far greater than they had known at home in England. Many of these families went on to make important contributions to the emerging nations of Canada and the United States. Analysis of immigration records indicates that some of the first North American immigrants bore the name Courtenay or a variant listed above:

Courtenay Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Hercules and Francis Courtenay, who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1769 and 1771 respectively
Courtenay Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • John Courtenay, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1819
  • John Courtenay, who landed in Boston, Massachusetts in 1819 [5]

Courtenay migration to Australia

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Courtenay Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Courtenay, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Constance" in 1848 [6]

Courtenay migration to New Zealand

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Courtenay Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Miss Catherine Courtenay, Scottish settler travelling from Glasgow aboard the ship "Storm Cloud" arriving in Otago, South Island, New Zealand on 30th July 1861 [7]

Contemporary Notables of the name Courtenay (post 1700)

  • Charles Christopher Courtenay (1916-1998), 17th Earl of Devon, English peer
  • Henry Reginald Courtenay (1714-1763), English politician, Member of the Parliament for Honiton (1741-1747) and (1754-1763)
  • The Rt Rev Reginald Reginald Courtenay DD (1813-1906), English Anglican Bishop of Jamaica (1872-1879)
  • Sir William Courtenay (1794-1838), English political and religious maniac
  • Hugh Rupert Courtenay D.L. (1942-2015), 18th Earl of Devon, a British peer
  • John Courtenay (1738-1816), British politician for Tamworth and Appleby
  • Edward Emmett Courtenay (b. 1968), Canadian former professional ice hockey right winger and head coach
  • Jasmine Courtenay, Australian footballer who has played for the Newcastle Jets since 2012
  • Bryce Courtenay AM (1933-2012), South African-born, Australian novelist, best known for his book The Power of One (1989)
  • Sir Thomas Daniel "Tom" Courtenay (b. 1937), English Academy Award nominated, BAFTA Award and Golden Globe Award winning actor, known for his roles in The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner (1962), Billy Liar (1963), and Dr. Zhivago (1965)

Citations

  1. ^ The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X)
  2. ^ Shirley, Evelyn Philip, The Noble and Gentle Men of England; The Arms and Descents. Westminster: John Bower Nichols and Sons, 1866, Print.
  3. ^ Lewis, Samuel, A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research, 1848, Print.
  4. ^ Hutchins, Fortescue, The History of Cornwall, from the Earliest Records and Traditions to the Present Time. London: William Penaluna, 1824. Print
  5. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) CONSTANCE - 1848. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1848Constance.htm
  7. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
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