Courier History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The history of the name Courier dates back to the ancient Anglo-Saxon culture of Britain. It is derived from a member of the family who worked as a messenger or person who dresses tanned leather. In the former case, the surname Courier is derived from the Old French words corëor or courreour, which mean courier. [1]

In the latter case, the surname is derived from the Old French word couraieur, which in turn comes from the Old French word conreeur, which means currier. [2]

Early Origins of the Courier family

The surname Courier was first found in Yorkshire, where they held a family seat as Lords of the Manor of Kildwick from ancient times.

Eluding to the occupational nature of the name, we found Richard le Curer in the Assize Rolls for Northumberland in 1256 and Henry le Coureer in Berkshire in 1281. Maurice le curaour was listed as a Freeman of York in 1293 and further to the south, William le Coureour was recorded in Devon in 1314. [3]

William Curreyour, Robert Curreour and John Curreior were found in Colchester in 1375. Back in Yorkshire, Andrew Curier was listed as a Freeman of York in 1400. Robert Curryar was listed in the Feet of Fines for Huntingdonshire in 1546. [3]

Early History of the Courier family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Courier research. Another 164 words (12 lines of text) covering the years 1220, 1256, 1293, 1314, 1375, 1379, 1400, 1430, 1546, 1656, 1661, 1740, 1813 and 1888 are included under the topic Early Courier History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Courier Spelling Variations

Only recently has spelling become standardized in the English language. As the English language evolved in the Middle Ages, the spelling of names changed also. The name Courier has undergone many spelling variations, including Currer, Curror, Currier, Curryer, Conreor, Couraour, Curur, Curreour, Currour, Curryar, Corour and many more.

Early Notables of the Courier family (pre 1700)

Notables of the family at this time include Nathaniel Currier (1813-1888), co-founder of Currier & Ives, American Lithographers who created famous prints of scenes of 19th century America...
Another 27 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Courier Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Courier migration to the United States +

To escape the unstable social climate in England of this time, many families boarded ships for the New World with the hope of finding land, opportunity, and greater religious and political freedom. Although the voyages were expensive, crowded, and difficult, those families that arrived often found greater opportunities and freedoms than they could have experienced at home. Many of those families went on to make significant contributions to the rapidly developing colonies in which they settled. Early North American records indicate many people bearing the name Courier were among those contributors:

Courier Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Courier, who arrived in Louisiana in 1719 [4]

Canada Courier migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Courier Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Mathieu Courier, who arrived in Canada in 1653
Courier Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • David Courier, who arrived in Canada in 1828

Contemporary Notables of the name Courier (post 1700) +

  • Paul Louis Courier (1772-1825), French writer
  • Jim Courier (b. 1991), tennis player


The Courier Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Merit
Motto Translation: Merit


  1. ^ Smith, Eldson Coles, New Dictionary of American Family Names New York: Harper & Row, 1956. Print
  2. ^ Bardsley, C.W, A Dictionary of English and Welsh Surnames: With Special American Instances. Wiltshire: Heraldry Today, 1901. Print. (ISBN 0-900455-44-6)
  3. ^ Reaney, P.H and R.M. Wilson, A Dictionary of English Surnames. London: Routledge, 1991. Print. (ISBN 0-415-05737-X)
  4. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)


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