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An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2016


The Atlantic Ocean to the north and west and the English Channel to the south borders Cornwall, the homeland to the Cornwallis family name. Even though the usage of surnames was common during the Middle Ages, all English people were known only by a single name in early times. The manner in which hereditary surnames arose is interesting. Local surnames are derived from where the original bearer lived, was born, or held land. The Cornwallis family originally lived in the county of Cornwall in southwest England.

Cornwallis Early Origins



The surname Cornwallis was first found in Devon where they held a family seat from very ancient times, long before the Norman Conquest in 1066.

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Cornwallis Spelling Variations


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Cornwallis Spelling Variations



Cornish surnames are characterized by a multitude of spelling variations. The frequent changes in surnames are due to the fact that the Old and Middle English languages lacked definite spelling rules. The official court languages, which were Latin and French, were also influential on the spelling of a surname. Since the spelling of surnames was rarely consistent in medieval times, and scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded rather than adhering to any specific spelling rules, it was common to find the same individual referred to with different spellings of their surname in the ancient chronicles. Moreover, a large number of foreign names were brought into England, which accelerated and accentuated the alterations to the spelling of various surnames. Lastly, spelling variations often resulted from the linguistic differences between the people of Cornwall and the rest of England. The Cornish spoke a unique Brythonic Celtic language which was first recorded in written documents during the 10th century. However, they became increasingly Anglicized, and Cornish became extinct as a spoken language in 1777, although it has been revived by Cornish patriots in the modern era. The name has been spelled Cornwall, Cornelle, Cornell, Cornwell, Cornewall, Cornal, Cornale, Cornevale, Carnwell, Carnewell, Carnville, Carnevale, Cornhall, Cornehall, Cornhale, Cornwale, Curnow (from native Cornish word) and many more.

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Cornwallis Early History


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Cornwallis Early History



This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Cornwallis research. Another 389 words (28 lines of text) covering the years 1180, 1513, 1601, 1452, 1467, 1581, 1659, 1613, 1644, 1842, 1605, 1675, 1610, 1662, 1632, 1673, 1660, 1662, 1655, 1698, 1692, 1693, 1689, 1698, 1654, 1717, 1685, 1689, 1468, 1537, 1502, 1503, 1514, 1515, 1505, 1506, 1515, 1516, 1519, 1520 and 1797 are included under the topic Early Cornwallis History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cornwallis Early Notables (pre 1700)


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Cornwallis Early Notables (pre 1700)



Notable amongst the family at this time was Thomas Cornwall, High Sheriff of Herefordshire in 1452 and 1467; Jane Cornwallis (1581-1659), an English lady whose private correspondence (1613-1644) were published in 1842, mother of Frederick Cornwallis; Thomas Cornwallis ( c. 1605-1675), an English politician and colonial administrator, one of the first Commissioners...

Another 113 words (8 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Cornwallis Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Cornwallis In Ireland


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Cornwallis In Ireland



Some of the Cornwallis family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt. Another 51 words (4 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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The Great Migration


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The Great Migration



Early North American immigration records have revealed a number of people bearing the name Cornwallis or a variant listed above:

Cornwallis Settlers in United States in the 17th Century

  • Thomas Cornwallis, who landed in Maryland in 1633
  • William Cornwallis, who arrived in Maryland in 1679

Cornwallis Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

  • Francis Cornwallis, aged 23, who arrived in America from London, England, in 1905
  • Brownell Cornwallis, who arrived in America, in 1911
  • Yvonne Cornwallis, aged 24, who arrived in America from Linton, England, in 1920

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Contemporary Notables of the name Cornwallis (post 1700)


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Contemporary Notables of the name Cornwallis (post 1700)



  • Frederick Cornwallis (1713-1783), English clergyman, Archbishop of Canterbury, and the twin brother of Edward Cornwallis
  • Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805), 1st Marquess Cornwallis, British Army officer and colonial administrator, Governor-General of the Presidency of Fort William (1786-1793)
  • James Cornwallis (1743-1824), 4th Earl Cornwallis was a British clergyman, and peer, Dean of Canterbury (1775-1781), Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry (1781-1824), Dean of Windsor (1791-1794), Dean of Durham (1794-1824)
  • Charles Cornwallis (1774-1823), 2nd Marquess Cornwallis British peer, Master of the Buckhounds between 1807 and 1823
  • Charles Cornwallis (1700-1762), 5th Baron Cornwallis, British peer, Lord-Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets and Constable of the Tower of London
  • Lieutenant General Edward Cornwallis (1713-1776), British military officer, first Governor of Nova Scotia at Halifax, Nova Scotia, Governor of Gibraltar
  • Admiral the Honourable Sir William Cornwallis GCB (1744-1819), British Royal Navy officer, best known as a friend of Lord Nelson and as the commander-in-chief of the Channel Fleet during the Napoleonic Wars

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Motto


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Motto



The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will; many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: La Vie Durante
Motto Translation: During life.


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Cornwallis Family Crest Products


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Cornwallis Family Crest Products




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See Also


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See Also




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Citations


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Citations



    Other References

    1. Zieber, Eugene. Heraldry in America. Philadelphia: Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
    2. MacAulay, Thomas Babington. History of England from the Accession of James the Second 4 volumes. New York: Harper and Brothers, 1879. Print.
    3. Thirsk, Joan. The Agrarian History of England and Wales. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 7 Volumes. Print.
    4. Burke, Sir Bernard. General Armory Of England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today. Print.
    5. Samuelsen, W. David. New York City Passenger List Manifests Index 1820 - 1824. North Salt Lake, Utah: Accelerated Indexing Systems International, 1986. Print.
    6. Le Patourel, John. The Norman Empire. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. Print. (ISBN 0-19-822525-3).
    7. Sanders, Joanne McRee Edition. English Settlers in Barbados 1637-1800. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing. Print.
    8. Humble, Richard. The Fall of Saxon England. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-88029-987-8).
    9. Hinde, Thomas Ed. The Domesday Book England's Heritage Then and Now. Surrey: Colour Library Books, 1995. Print. (ISBN 1-85833-440-3).
    10. The Norman People and Their Existing Descendants in the British Dominions and the United States Of America. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1975. Print. (ISBN 0-8063-0636-X).
    11. ...

    The Cornwallis Family Crest was acquired from the Houseofnames.com archives. The Cornwallis Family Crest was drawn according to heraldic standards based on published blazons. We generally include the oldest published family crest once associated with each surname.

    This page was last modified on 15 January 2016 at 10:13.

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