Conolly History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

While many Irish names are familiar, their past incarnations are often shrouded in mystery, reflecting the ancient Gaelic heritage of their bearers. The original Gaelic form of the name Conolly is O Conghalaigh, O Conghaile, or O Coingheallaigh.

Early Origins of the Conolly family

The surname Conolly was first found in Connacht and Munster, as well as County Monaghan and Leinster. There were three Gaelic septs whose name was Anglicized as Connolly: the O Conghalaigh sept (also known as O Conghaile) who lived in Connacht and the adjacent County Monaghan; the O Coingheallaigh sept, which also used the alias Mac Coingheallaigh, were subordinate to the powerful O'Donovans and dwelled in West Cork in Munster; and another sept, related to the O'Maddens, resided in Connacht and were of the Ui Maine. [1]

Early History of the Conolly family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Conolly research. Another 115 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1014, 1591, 1660, 1729, 1738, 1803, 1750 and 1825 are included under the topic Early Conolly History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Conolly Spelling Variations

Irish names recorded during the Middle Ages are characterized by many spelling variations. This preponderance of variations for common names can be explained by the fact that the scribes and church officials that kept records during that period individually decided how to capture one's name. These recorders primarily based their decisions on how the name was pronounced or what it meant. Research into the name Conolly revealed many variations, including Connolly, Conolly, Connally, O'Connolly, Connolley, Conally, Connelly, Conoley, Connaleigh, Connelay, Conley, Conlay, Conlaye and many more.

Early Notables of the Conolly family (pre 1700)

Another 33 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Conolly Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.


United States Conolly migration to the United States +

Under the rule of England, land ownership in Ireland changed dramatically, and many native Irish families found themselves renting out land to farm from absentee owners. This was one of the prime reasons that immigration to North America began in the late 18th century: Irish farmers dreamed of owning their own parcel of land to work for themselves. At this point, the immigrants were at least of modest means for the passage across the Atlantic was often quite dear. In the 1840s the Great Potato Famine created an exodus of people of quite different means. These people were most often destitute: they either sold anything they had to gain a passage or they were sponsored by philanthropic societies. Many of these immigrants were sick from disease and starvation: as a result many did not survive the long transatlantic journey. Although those settlers that did survive were often despised and discriminated against by people already established in these nations, they were critical to rapid development of the powerful industrial nations of the United States and the country that would later become known as Canada. An examination of immigration and passenger lists shows many persons bearing the name of Conolly or one of its variants:

Conolly Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eunice Conolly, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1729-1730 [2]
  • Cormack Conolly, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [2]
  • Peter Conolly, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1746 [2]
  • Arthur Conolly, who arrived in America in 1760-1763 [2]
Conolly Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Patt Conolly, aged 33, who arrived in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1804 [2]
  • Rose Conolly, aged 31, who arrived in New Castle or Philadelphia in 1804 [2]
  • Nancy Conolly, aged 24, who arrived in Pennsylvania in 1805 [2]
  • Owen Conolly, aged 23, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1805 [2]
  • Polly Conolly, who arrived in New York, NY in 1811 [2]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Canada Conolly migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Conolly Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Lt. John Conolly U.E. who settled in Kingston, Ontario c. 1783 [3]
  • Mr. Patrick Conolly U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783, passenger number 427 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York [3]

Australia Conolly migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Conolly Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Helen Conolly, Scottish convict from Edinburgh, who was transported aboard the "Amphitrite" on August 21, 1833, settling in New South Wales, Australia [4]
  • Mr. John Conolly, English convict who was convicted in Sussex, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Captain Cook" on 2nd May 1833, arriving in New South Wales, Australia [5]
  • James Conolly, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thirteen" in 1840 [6]
  • Ellen Conolly, who arrived in Adelaide, Australia aboard the ship "Thirteen" in 1840 [6]
  • Miss Julia Conolly who was convicted in Newington, London, England for 10 years, transported aboard the "Emma Eugenia" on 25th October 1850, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [7]
  • ... (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

New Zealand Conolly migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Conolly Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • J. Conolly, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Ulcoats" in 1864
  • Miss Rose Ann Conolly, (b. 1840), aged 28, British domestic servant travelling from London aboard the ship "Light Brigade" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 26th August 1868 [8]
  • Mr. Matthias Conolly, (b. 1848), aged 21, Irish farm labourer, from Galway travelling from London aboard the ship "Siberia" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st February 1870 [9]
  • Mathias Conolly, aged 21, a farm labourer, who arrived in Lyttelton, New Zealand aboard the ship "Siberia" in 1870
  • Ellen Conolly, aged 20, a dairymaid, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Waitangi" in 1874

Contemporary Notables of the name Conolly (post 1700) +

  • William Conolly (d. 1729), Speaker of the Irish House of Commons, son of a publican, or, as some say, of a blacksmith [10]
  • Thomas Conolly (1738-1803), Irish politician, only son of William Conolly (d. 1729), first M.P. for Ballyshannon [10]
  • John Conolly (1794-1860), English physician, born at Market Rasen in Lincolnshire on 27 May 1794; his father was a member of a well-known Irish family, the Conollys of Castletown
  • Erskine Conolly (1796-1843), Scottish poet, born at Crail, Fifeshire, on 12 June 1796 [10]


  1. ^ MacLysaght, Edward, Irish Families Their Names, Arms and Origins 4th Edition. Dublin: Irish Academic, 1982. Print. (ISBN 0-7165-2364-7)
  2. ^ Filby, P. William, Meyer, Mary K., Passenger and immigration lists index : a guide to published arrival records of about 500,000 passengers who came to the United States and Canada in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries. 1982-1985 Cumulated Supplements in Four Volumes Detroit, Mich. : Gale Research Co., 1985, Print (ISBN 0-8103-1795-8)
  3. ^ Rubincam, Milton. The Old United Empire Loyalists List. Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc, 1976. (Originally published as; United Empire Loyalists. The Centennial of the Settlement of Upper Canada. Rose Publishing Company, 1885.) ISBN 0-8063-0331-X
  4. ^ State Library of Queensland. (Retrieved 2016, October 27) Amphitrite voyage to New South Wales, Australia in 1833 with 99 passengers. Retrieved from http://www.convictrecords.com.au/ships/amphitrite/1833
  5. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 17th December 2020). Retrieved from https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/captain-cook
  6. ^ State Records of South Australia. (Retrieved 2010, November 5) THIRTEEN 1840. Retrieved from http://www.slsa.sa.gov.au/BSA/1840Thirteen.gif
  7. ^ Convict Records Voyages to Australia (Retrieved 7th April 2022). https://convictrecords.com.au/ships/emma-eugenia
  8. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 17th October 2018). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  9. ^ New Zealand Yesteryears Passenger Lists 1800 to 1900 (Retrieved 26th March 2019). Retrieved from http://www.yesteryears.co.nz/shipping/passlist.html
  10. ^ Wikisource contributors. "Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900." Wikisource . Wikisource , 4 Jun. 2018. Web. 30 June 2020


Houseofnames.com on Facebook
Shipping
Fastest Delivery Possible

Digital Products on Checkout, all other products filled in 1 business day

Money Back
Money Back Guarantee

Yes, all products 100% Guaranteed

Support
BBB A+ Rating

The Best Rating possible

Payment
Secure Online Payment

Entire site uses SSL / Secure Certificate